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W.Haile
Mysterious death of Ibrahim Afa
Mysterious death of Abraham Tewelde

Liquidation in the ELF
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2017-10-24

 

 


The mysterious death of Ibrahim Afa in 1985

20 years ago

by Resoum Kidane
20/06/2005

There are still questions to be answered about EPLF fighters who were killed in suspicious circumstances. Some of them were very well-known in the earlier 1970s and mid -1980s.: Abraham Tewolde [1], Weldenkel Haile (Wedi-Haile), [2] , Isayas Tewelde ( Wedi-Flansa), Fisehye Woldegebrel . and Ibrahim Afa . Some people believe that the circumstances of Ibrahim Afa's death are not clear( Dawit, Daniel, 2001); others believe that Isayas Afwerki killed his long-time comrade Ibrahim Afa (VKP, 2003). Ibrahim Afa’s death has become a matter of controversy (Pool, 2001). There is also some people believe that the military training centre at Sawa which is called "Medeber Tailim Ibrahim Afa" ( Ibrahim Afa Military Training Centre) is in fact a cover up for the mysterious circumstances of Ibrahim Afa’s death.

On this Martyrs’ day, it is appropriate to question the mysterious death of Ibrahim Afa which was announced in 1987 at the Second EPLF Congress. The aim of this essay is to bring together relevant information with a couple of illustrations which can help to shed light on this tragic event. In the end, the judgement about the causes of Ibrahim Afa's death will be left to the public. The author ask for all members of the former EPLF who are currently in exile to carry out similar investigations about other members of the EPLF who were killed in suspicious circumstances during the liberation struggle. This will add to our knowledge of our history.

Background

In 1967 Ibrahim Afa joined the revolution from Massaw where he was a cadet in the Ethiopian navy. During the armed struggle Ibrahim and other fighters went to Cuba in 1968 only a year after Guevara's death.


In Cuba 1968 From left to right standing Mrt. Mohamed Said Sanghor, Mrt. Mohamed Idres Tulul, Abdulhafiz Saadaldin ... Siting Idres Adam, Mohamed Qerbash, Mrt. Ibrahim Affa, Romadan Osman Awliyay[sourcePhotos from Ibrahim Abdalla's post in ERI.PHOTOS

Ibrahim Afa was one of the founders of the EPLF and one of the distinguished military leaders who led the Eritrean People's Liberation Army to victory at the strategically important town of Kern in 1977 [3]. It had echoes of General Giap’s victory at Dien Bien Phu.

Ibrahim Afa's leadership in guiding and directing the operation in the battlefield is not only limited to the above mentioned but has been well document for the period between 1976-1985: the Raza project (4) , the EPLF offensive against the Ethiopian forces in 1977-1978. the strategic retreat; the defence (1978-1983) and seizure the town of Tessenei and the destruction of the big military garrison of Wuka Ez ( the northern regional army) at Northeast Coastal Plain in 1984. All these military operations were achieved through the leadership of Ibrahim Afa.

Agamet Incident

Ibrahim Afa was stationed at Arag(see map6 b ) from 1979 until his death near the Agamet mountain.

Agamet is a militarily strategic mountain in the Northeast of Sahel, after the destruction of Wuka Ez ( the Northern regional army) on the Northeast coastal plain which was under the EPLF control until the summer of 1985. Some people have claimed that Ibrahim Afa was inactive (Deskilu ) between the time EPLF fighters took the town of Barentu in Barka in the summer of 1985 and its recapture by Ethiopian forces. Baruntu was recaptured by the Ethiopian force on August 24, 1985 after additional 30, 000 Ethiopia troops were redeployed from the Ogaden to Eritrea and 13 counter-offensives were launched. At the 13th attempt the town was recaptured and the Ethiopian army cut-off the EPLF's Western territorial flank and led to the scattering of the forces. As a result of this military defeat the EPLF fighters were withdrawn from the Western front and had a long journey back to the Nacfa front through Sudan.(See map6) It was one of the worst defeats in the history of the EPLF.

re A few days before the withdrawn from the Western front, there was a ketit (mobilisation of the reserve army) to reinforce the Nakfa front and to build a temporary fortification on the Northern hills until additional forces arrived..

Some people say that a day before Ibrahim's death he was asked by Haile Duru who also resided in the same area [Masker Wina see fig 1.) as Ibrahim to go to Anberber [ the residence of the EPLF secretary general and deputy secretary ] perhaps for a Politburo Standing Committee (5) meeting. Others claim that Ibrahim was told to climb up the strategic mountain of Agamet which he did.

He went to Agamet probably after 6 pm because I met him while drinking a coffee under the shade of a tree at Enda Jemhier ( C). around 4 pm. This was . on my way from (B) Kefli Politic Menikikha to (D) Kefli Tailim military training centre where Ibrahim had his permanent camp. The distance between B and A was a 30 minute walk.

( Fig 1 ).

Key

A= Kefli Tailim
B Masker Wena ( Wena Camp both Kefli Politica Menikikha N Bahili were located in this camp)

C= Enda Jemhier.(Local Public Administration )
D= Wina Technical school
E= Agamet Mountain

On my way back from Kefli Tailim (D) to Masker Wena (B) around 7 pm. Ibrahim was not where I had seen him before. From 7 pm throughout the night it was quiet until the early morning on the next day. I still remember that around 4 am there was unexpectedly the roar of a guns (mejemu) which lasted for 10 minutes. It was very difficult to identify where was exactly the sound came from and to respond since it happened suddenly and while we slept. Most member of this camp (Masker Wena see fig 1 B) went to Nacfa front as mentioned because there was a ketet.. The only people who remained behind in the Masker Wena (See Fig 1 ) camp were children under 5 ( Abdella Adem's daughters were among those children) with their mothers, a few disabled with other members of supporting staff. Because of this there was no attempt to give help from this camp when the guns were heard. According to reliable sources when the guns were heard at 4 am a few fighters from the Wina technical school (see fig 1 A ) which is not far from the incident climbed up Agamet to seek help but for unknown reasons were ordered to return after the head of this technical school, Tekeste Gurgia, received an order. There was intermittent gunfire until around 11 am. . Contradicting orders some member of Kifle Taelim) went to Agamet for help as they were in fortification somewhere near this area. (see fig.1 D)

Masker Wena

(Fig 2 )

Late in the afternoon we were told that the shooting was at Agamet mountain ( see fig 1 ). .It was said to have been caused by a handful of Ethiopian intelligence units infiltrating the Agamet mountain after losing their directions . However, all of them were said to have been killed by the members of the Kifle Taelim Military Training Centre. Following this . after a few days, all mothers with their children and disabled members of Masker Wena camp were evacuated to Arareb for their safety.

There is another version of the Agamet incident which was told to the front line combatants (Heletat) who heard the shooting but had no idea where it was from. They were told that a handful of Ethiopian intelligence unit forces went to Agamet mountain but all of them were killed by front line combatants ( Heletat) and they get back all materials, including the PRC radio transmitter which was seized by the enemy.

The final version of this story which was told to the rest of the EPLF and the public was that Ibrahim was killed in action. The paper which was written in Germany Eine Volksarmee besonderer Art – der Militärkomplex in Eritrea [ A people's army of a special kind: the military complex in Eritrea] by Howard Hughes described the death of Ibrahim Afa on the following words:

"…After the set up of regulatory military unions not only did commanders in lower positions repeatedly die, but also high ranked leaders of brigades and divisions, and this is how even Ibrahim Afa the head of the EPLmilitary committee died in a trap set by Ethiopias." ( Hughes, H )

The mysterious death of Ibrahim Afa was finally announced officially at the Second Congress, in 1987, alleging that he had been killed in the Bahir Negash, ( ) or the Red Sea see fig. 3 shows the place where he was killed ( Arrow A) and buried (Arrow B )

Fig 3 )
Following the announcement of Ibrahim Afa’s death in 1987 Bereket Habte Selassie wrote a poem which was dedicated to Ibrahim widow, Nura Mohamed and their daughter, Sera Ibrahim

Supporting Evidences

ERITREAN IBRAHIM AFA video Pt 1

ERITREAN IBRAHIM AFA videoP2

Information presented in this section will assist a comprehensive investigation on the circumstance of the death of Ibrahim and breaks down into the following : 1) Questions should be raised on the mysterious death of Ibrahim Afa which looks at the probability of the incident which caused his death; 2) . What people said about Ibrahim Afa and his mysterious death . 3) EPLF political developments after his death.

A Question raised by the Agament incident :Interview With Veteran Fighter Yemane T/Gergish [Pt.7 [1987 2nd congress]

1. One witness who escaped from this incident and currently is in exile told friends " before we slept a guard was assigned who had a dralety (password) ". According to military custom anyone who came to this place and failed to tell the right drarlet (password) the guard should open fire to alert his colleagues Despite this according to him the guard was killed silently and then Ibrahim and others were killed while they slept. After the witness escaped from the incident he was interrogated for a week by the members of his unit Kefli Tailim to find out whether he knew about the situation or not, but he thought that (TOURSRAWIT) the Ethiopian army had killed Ibrahim and his other comrades although he did not see any Ethiopian army force (TOURSRAWIT). They let him free

2. The other question to arise is: how could Ibrahim Afa be killed around 4 am by the handful of Ethiopia intelligence unit forces? How could the handful of Ethiopia intelligence unit forces who had not been there before identify the place exactly and kill him instantly as he went to Agamet mountain 10 hours before the incident. Additionally looking at fig 1, 2 and 3 , one would think it hard for a handful of Ethiopian intelligence unit forces to get to Agamet mountain at 4 am.

3. If it was true that a handful of Ethiopian intelligence unit forces got to Agamet mountain at 4 am, the question could be raised why members of the Wina technical school (see fig 1 A ) after climbing up Agamet for help were ordered to return when they were already half way up yet others members of Kifle Taelim) see fig.1 D) were allowed to climb up?

.

4. Why did the Ethiopian army force not claim that the Ethiopian army had killed Ibrahim Afa or celebrate his death as a great victory if Ibrahim was killed in trap set by Ethiopian army force In fact the Ethiopian media claimed that Ibrahim had been killed by his own people, the EPLF.

5. Why did the EPLF leaders keep secret the death of Ibrahim Afa for two years after his death. It was unusual for EPLF members to keep secret the death of someone popular and famous like Ibrahim.

I did not know what happened to Ibrahim until I learned of his death in 1987. Although I used to ask about him, the answer was that he was aboard. The death of other members of the Central Committee was also announced officially at the Second Congress , for example the death of Habte Tecle who "committed suicide" in 1980. However I heard in 1984 informally that he committed suicide. The last time that I had seen him was sometime in the early 1980s.

Similarly most members of EPLF heard informally about the death of the following: Weldenkel Haile (Wedi-Haile), Isias Tewelde ( Wedi-Flansa) Fisehye Woldegebrel , Mohmad Ali Kelai etc..

The question could be raised here why the EPLF leaders prefer to keep the death of Ibrahim strictly secret for two year just as they kept strictly secret the existence of the secret party (EPRP) for decades until it was revealed in 1994 at the Third EPLF Congress. David Pool has also highlighted in his book how controversial and suspicious this affair is.

B. What people said about Ibrahim Afa and his mysterious death

Abedella Adem in an interview with the Awate team on 16 May 2004 explained that Ibrahim was not satisfied with the leadership and the work assignments. Regarding this matter David Pool (2001) described the relation between Issayas and Ibrahim as a power struggle.

According to him the other explanation for their relationship includes an organisational difference over the role of the military committee. To explain this further, Ibrahim was Secretary of the Military Committee in the Politburo Standing Committee) and he had more experience of military strategy within the Politburo Standing Committee than the rest. Despite this fact, there might be some problem between Ibrahim and Issayas which was highlighted by . Howard. According to Howard, the military activities of the EPLF after 1977 were still determined by the inner circle around Issayas Afeworki.

Because of this there could have been disagreements over military strategy between Issayas Afeworki and Ibrahim Afa , and this might have been the reason for the rumour of Ibrahim Afa being inactive (deskilu).

Further evidence of the power struggle between Issays and Ibrahim was also provided from Tecle Aden. Tecle Aden in an interview given in Addis Ababa on December 23, 1980, described the EPLF Politburo as containing two cliques. The one group led by Issayas included Sebhat Efrem, Haile Woldensie and Petros Solomon and the other group, led by Ibrhim Afa, included people like Mesfin Hagos and Ali Said Abdella. (Andu, )

The other factor for Ibrahim’s dissatisfaction that Abedella mentioned in his interview might be related to the question of unity between the EPLF and the ELF..

Ibrahim had been also one of the members of the Joint Supreme Political Leadership ( JSPL) [8]. In March 1979, the fifth meeting of the JSPL charted out a common military strategy for the Eritrean revolution and decided that the Northern Sahel would be a common base area for both fronts. In the meantime ELF units had joined the EPLF's forces in Northern Sahel ( Kidane, 1996) In 1980 the ELF was defeated and ceased to have any fighting forces within Eritrea. Based on information gathered from ex-fighters, the author learned that Ibrahim had not been happy with what happened to the ELF in 1980. This could have been one of the causes for the rift between Issayas and Ibrahim .


The Central Committee in session in 1984.(Adluis 1984)

Addionally, Ibrahim Afa knew very well that Isseyas had an ambition for power and he used to call him " selfish"( Micheal (abu_selaa) on 2/10/02), or "susuE" referring to Isaias' insatiable greed for absolute power. [O.E tebreh, 2001). Micheal (abu_selaa) raised the following question : Does Afa's mysterious death have anything to do with the unity of the EPLF and ELF organizations?

The EPLF political development after Ibrahim Afa death

Between 1977 and 1987 Issayas Afeworki was deputy secretary and he made a long journey before succeding Rohomad. It was not easy for Issayas Afeworki. Two members of the Politburo Standing Committee Ibrahim and Duru, were more influential among the members of the EPLF in those days than he. Besides .. both of them were members of the preparatory committee for the Second Congress in 1985 and were also members of the preparatory committee in 1976 for the founding organisational congress.

David Pool raises the issue of the role of the military committee, of which Ibrahim was the head and which Issayas wanted to abolish in 1987. For Issayas it would have been difficult to abolish the military committee which was chaired by Ibrahim while the latter was on the preparatory committee. According to Hugh the death of Ibrahim Afa in 1985 led finally to the practical insignificance of the military committee and of the overall committee. Thereafter the role of the military committee was abolished in 1987 in favour of the General Staff under the Secretary. General

This did not work out as expected by Issays ( during the destruction of Nado Ez in 1988 and Fenekle operation early 1990s) because of Mesfin Hagos who was the leader of the Nakfa front during the liberation of Afabet and had more battle experience than Issayas and Sebhat Efrim, the head of the General Staff

The other political development which appeared after the death of Ibrahim Afa was the deterioration in the relationship between Issayas and Hail Duru. . Haile .Duru was for long a close friend of Issayas. He had been a useful tool to hand the succession to Issayas at the first organisational congress in 1977 by conducting a campaign at Cader School [9] against Menka , Bistya , Durfo Cader School led by Adhanome and , Yemien from 1975.A good example for this is the 5th Round of the Cadre Course which was run in 1976 Even though he did a good job for him he became the target of Issayas following the death of Ibrahim in 1985. Duru had worked hard, in 1986, in preparing seminar papers on the three privileges ( drinking, womanizing, and using their positions to secure material advantages).

The seminar on the above topic was given by Issayas mostly from the discussion floor in order to make a good impression on the fighters there . He had launched a similar hypocritical campaign against high ranked leaders of brigades such as Filipose and Omer Tewel. Basil Davidson also described Issayas for his simplicity in the following words:

" I found him in his " base" canyon, equipped with good communications but otherwise living the same spare life as everyone else in these mountain" (Davidson, 1988)

,Issayas Afeworki, used both seminars and his simple lifestyle as ways to further his popularity. He was elected General Secretary in 1987.

Dan Conell (2003)describes this in the following words: As part of a shake- up, Isaias took formal control of the EPLF at its Second Congress in 1987, replacing Romedan Mohamed Nur as the front's secretary general (Issayaas forced Romedan to retire from the leadership altogether in the early 1990s)

In the 1988 Issayas other target was Peteros Solom who was a young, bright and moderate among the Politburea members. He was more popular and respected by the EPLF members among the front line fighters until the dissolution of the Intelligence unit which was head by him from 1977to1994. Issayas concluded his power struggle in 2001 by accusing his former close friends of being "traitors" and, on 18th September 2001, arresting them.

To conclude , Tesfamariam Assefaw in his narration in 2000 still remembers what Issays said 36 years ago: " Struggle is honey covering Ire" (sour). (Kidane, Aida 2004)

He did not understand at that time, but one could interpret this to mean the intrigue and conspiracy that followed Issayas' application of the lessons learnt in Great Proletrain Cultral Revolution in China[15] and accomplished through 35 years . Some of his victims during those years listed by Alem Tesfay 2003

In conclusion, the author appeals to all former members of the EPLF who survived the war, especially those who were in the Central Committee between 1977-1987 (Abdella Adem, Haile Menkerios and Mesfin Hagos) and other senior post holders, to tell the public the truth about the EPLF leaderships' crimes against fighters who sacrificed themselves for the liberation of our people from colonial oppression

الظروف الغامضة لاستشهاد القائد ابراهيم عافة

Notes

[1] The death of Abrham Towelde is still secret. Alem Tesfay 2003 explained the cause which led to the death of Abrha Tweldo in the following words:

After Issays came back from the meeting he held with the members of CIA members to Ala he decided to split from the ELF. Because of this there was an argument with Abrha Twelde who was not in favour of spliting from the ELF. After one month of argument between them Abrham Tweldo die suddenly. Which is still secret for most of us. . After his death, Issayass succeeded to the leadership of the group and .the group then took steps to split from the ELF [Ammar, Woldeysus 2004 Ethiopia . . Also according to Erlich, one of Issayas' main rivals in the rebel movement was found poisoned to death in 1971. ( Eritrea in the Western Media p.97 1988): To pretend from the above accusation Issayas named his first son Abrham

[2]Weldekel Haile was educated in Syria and was the first Jebha to flee, According the account of Tesfamariam Assefaw Woldenkel, Haile did not like Issayas [ Kidana Aida 2004 ]. During the Menka movement in 1973 Woldenkel Haile who was head of the security department said that the Menka ringleaders prisoners did not commit any crime except breaking military discipline rules. He made clear his stand which was completely different from Issayas . Because of this Issayas was not happy and Woldenkel Haile was sent to the Hailitat (front line sometime in 1974 [Afewerki, Tewdros, 2003).. He was the most distinguished military leader next to Ibrhim Afa and had led the Eritrea People’s Liberation Army to victory at the strategic town of Segeneti in 1977 but was not a member of the central comittee in 1977. He was killed shortly after the victory by an unidentified gunman at Segeneti, his birth place. When this occurred there was a radio message in this code " Itia Abai Lham Ab Mereta Wediqa", meaning that the great leader rest on his land".This is also confirmed from other source መደባትና፡ ነቲ ኪንዮ ጸሊም ራዕዲ ዘሎ ደበና፡ ምቕንጣጥ ኢዩ!!! - 4ይ ክፋ in 2008: መሪሕነት ህዝባዊ ግንባር ሓርነት ኤርትራ ነቲ ኣብ ዝተፈላለየ እዋን ኣንጻር ኣተሓሳስባኡን ኣካይዳኡን ዝኸይድ ዝነበረ ኣብ ውሽጢ ሜዳ ይኹን ኣብ ወጻኢ ናይ ባዕሉ ዝኾነ ምስጢራዊ ኣሰራርሓ ብምኽታል ኢዩ ዝጭፍልቖ ነይሩ። እቲ ናይ  ሰሜን ኣሜሪካ ምንቅስቓስ ምስ ኩነታት ምዝላቕ ዝተኣሳሰር እኳ እንተዘይኮነ ናይ 79 ምንቅስቓስ ስንኩላን ይኹን ናይ 73 ብስም ምንቅስቓስ “መንካዕ” ናይ 78-79 “የሚን” ካብቶም ዝተዳህኩ ምንቅስቓሳት ኢዮም ነይሮም።
 
1. መልእኽቲ ሚስጢር (ኮድ) ኦፕረይትተር ንኩነታት መቕተልቲ ወልደንኪኤል ሃይለ ኣብ ኩናት ምሕራር ሰገነይቲ ንኣብነት፡ “እታ ላም ኣብ ዓደ ኣቦኣ ተሓሪዳ” ኢዩ ዝብል ነይሩ።
2. ውሳኔ መቕተልቲ ሰሎሞን ወልደማርያም ብመንገዲ ሙሳ ናይብ
3. መቕተልቲ ኢብራሂም ዓፋ ኣብ 1985
4. ምርሻን ኣዛዚ ብርጌድ ምክትታል ዶባት ጸጋዘኣብ ዝግታ /ስርናይ/ ኣብ ኣንደርሰን
5. ምርሻን ኣዛዚ ቦጦሎኒ ገረዝግሄር /ኤነትረ/ን ናይ ካልኦትን ዝርዝር ናይቲ ፍጻሜታቱን ፈጸምቱን ዕለቱን ኸኣ ብሰፊሑ ምስ ጭብጥታቱ ክንጠቕሶ ክፍትን ኢየ።

Source መደባትና፡ ነቲ ኪንዮ ጸሊም ራዕዲ ዘሎ ደበና፡ ምቕንጣጥ ኢዩ!!! -

Here is also a piece of information from Alena pt 7

ካብ ብጊሓቱ ርእሰ ምትእምማን ዘይተዓደለ ኢሳይያስ ኣፈወርቂ፣ ካብ ዝተሰለፈሉ መዓልቲ ቀሲኑ ሓዲሩ ኣይፈልጥን ኢዩ። ግርጭት ምስ ወዲ ዓፋ ካብ ግዜ ሰብዓታት ኢዩ ጀሚሩዎ። ቅድሚ ውድባዊ ጉባአ ነቲ ኣብ መንጎ ኢብራሂም ዓፋን ወልደንኪኤል ሃይለን ዝነበረ ብጻያዊ ሓድነት ንኽበትኽ ብዙሕ ጻዕሪታት ገበረ። ወዲ ሃይለ ወላ’ኳ ኣዛዚ ቦጦሎኒ 4 እንተነበረ፣ ኣባል ሰልፊ ኣይነበረን። ንኹሉ መዓልታዊ ንጥፈታቱን ዝምድንኡን እናተኸታተለ ጸብጻብ ናብ ኢሳይያስ ዘመሓላልፍ ዝነበረ ወተሃደራዊ ሓለፊ ደቡባዊ ግንባር ዝነበረ ድማ ተጋዳላይ መስፍን ሓጎስ ነበረ።
ነቲ ገዲምን መስራቲን ህዝባዊ ሓይልታት ወልደንኪኤል ሃይለ ብስም “ደጋፊ መንካዕ ኢዩ” ብዝብል ጠቐነ ካብ ብዙሓት ተጋደልቲ ፈልዩዎ ኢዩ። ወልደንኪኤል ብዛዕባ ጉዳይ መንካዕ ዝነበሮ መርገጺ ንጹር ኢዩ፦
“…መንካዕ ዘቕረብዎ ሕቶ ቅኑዕ ኢዩ፣ እቲ ናቶም ጌጋ ብወተሃደራዊ ዲሲፕሊን ዘይምእዛዞም ጥራይ ኢዩ። ስለዚ ኣብ ክንዲ ቀይዲን ምርሻንን፣ መረዳእታን ነቐፌታን ጥራይ ምኣኸለ” ዝብል ነበረ። ረ።

source Alena pt 7

[3] The battle of Keren was a decisive victory for the EPLF after its foundation Organisational Congress. The Allied Forces’ seizure of Keren from the Italian took two and half month. Under the leadership of Ibrahim it was accomplished within three and half days.

[4]Raza project -a peasant march of tens of thousands of Ethiopians was totally smashed at Zalambessa on May 21, 1976

[5]. The member of this Politburea Standing Comittee were formed from: Romodan, (General Secretary) Issayas Deputy Secretary) Haile Duru, (Secretary of Political Committee) and Ibrahim Afa (Secretary of Military Committee) Ibrahim and Duru were more popular

[6]. After two months Baruntu was recaptured, the Ethiopians immediately opened another offensive under the name of the Negash, or the Red Sea Offensive, on October 10, 1985 the Ethiopian armed forces launched another offensive, whose objective was the capture of Nakfa "within five days by November, the Ba-haer Negash Offensive had failed. The Ethiopian army stayed in the NE front for a few months, then withdrew from this area and concentrated on the Nakfa front.

[8] In April 1978, the JSPL and joint committees on military, economic and social affairs, information and foreign relation were set up. A year later, in March 1979, the fifth meetings of the JSPL charted out a common military strategy for the Eritrean revolution. It decided that northern Sahel would be the common base area of both fronts and announced that the integration of the EPLF and ELF armies would begin on May 15, 1979.

References

Afewerki, Tedros (2004) Mesfin Hagos tzakrotat wdbawi gubae nay 1976
http://dev.ainfalale.com/Tedros_Afewerki/TA_040313_1.htm

Ammar, Woldeyesus (2004) Revisiting the Kagnew Station incident
http://www.awate.com/artman/publish/article_3123.stml

 

Andu, Gebrekal ( ) EPLF an inside story ( special issue) Februry., 1981 (full text of the statement of Teclai Ghebre-Mariam (Teclai Aden) http://www.dekebat-eritra.com/News_Octob10.html

Awate Team (2004) Abdella Adem answers Awate readers question. In Documents/Interview
http://www.awate.come/artman/publish/article_3312.shtml

Connell, Dan (2003) Enough! A CRITIQUE OF Eritrea's Post-Liberation Politics
http://zete.delina.org/zete/37.asp?quSri=37

Davidson, Basil (1988) Basil Davidson reports from Eritrea on a chance of peace in the face of war and famine.In Eritrea in the Western Media p71

Dawit, Daniel ( 2003) The best of 2003 & A Lesson For Dictator Iseyas Afeworki
http://dekebat-eritra.com/Ydear2004.html

Habte Selassie,Bereket
http://news.asmarino.com/Comments/Jan2003/BereketHabteSelassie_11.asp

 

Hughes, Howard (n.d) Eine Volksarmee besonderer Art – der Militärkomplex in Eritrea
Or A people's army of special kind-the military complex in Eritrea
www.acia.sun.ac.za/projects/afa/afjt.htm

Kidane, Aida (2004) Memories of a fighter 1969-70 Part 1:
Narration of Tesfamariam Assefae ca 50 years old Told to Aida Kida in Gottsunda Uppsala Sweden at his home 4 September 2000 ca 20:00 at his balcony
http://eri24.com/Article_373.htm

Kidane, Resoum et.al (1996) The patterns and Socioeconomic and environmetal impacts of conflict in Eritrea
Occasional Papers series on Environment & Development in an age of transition

Michael (abu_selaa) (2002) Bingo! The Terror via Blackmailing.
>http://www.eritrea1.org/home/articles/021102mas.htm

Tberh O.E (2001)PFDJ And Isaias- Hard Wired To Be Evil
http://www.eritrea1.org/home/articles/091101to.htm

Washington Post (1987): Liberated Eritrea lives by comouflage . The Washington Post Thursday, December 31, 1987 : In Eritrea in the Western Media , January-June 1988. Compiled by concerned Americans and Eritreans of the San Francisco Bay Area.

 

Latest information/evidence from Alena on the mysterious death of Ibrahim Afa [[pt 6 ተጋዳላይ ኢብራሂም ዓፋ]

ኢብራሂም ዓፋ ቅድሚ ምስውኡ ብዛዕባ ወተሃደራዊ ቅሩብነት ብዝምልከት ምስ ኣባላቱ ኣኼባ ሒዙ ኣብ ዝነበረሉ ግዜ፣ ህድኣት ኣምለሶም (ጓል ኣርባዕተ) ምስቲ ሳጢር ብዝብል ሳጓ ዝጽዋዕ፣ ክልቲኦም ኦፐረተራት ካብቲ ቦታ ኣኼባ ፍንትት ኢሎም መልእኽቲ ካብ ስምኦን ገብረድንግል ይቕበሉ ነይሮም። ብድሮኡ ከኣ ወዲ ዓፋ ምስቲ ብጽርግያ ብድሆ /ዓምበርቦብ-ሓሊበት/ ዘንቆልቆለ ተጋዳላይ መስፍን ሓጎስ ተራኺቡ ነይሩ ኢዩ። መስፍንን ኢብራሂምን ኣብ ዓራግ ብሓደ ንምሕዳር መዲቦም ምስ ተረዳድኡ፣ መስፍን ሓጎስ “…ፊሊጶስ ናይ ግድን ምሳይ ሕደር ስለዝበለኒ፣ ምስኡ ክሓድር እየ” ኢሉ ሽዑ ለይቲ ምስ ፊሊጶስ ወልደዮሃንስ ከም ዝሓደረ ጭብጢ ሰነድ ኣሎ።

ፊሊጶስ ወልደዮሃንስ ከኣ ቅድሚ ቅንጸላ ኢብራሂም ዓፋ ፍሉይ ድምጺ ዘይብሉ ጠበናጁ /ሳይለንሰር/ ዝዓጠቑ ሓሙሽተ ሰባት ናብ መደበር ክፍሊ ታዕሊም ሓላፊ ጋንታ ዝነበረ ድራር ዝተባህለ ብሕድሪ ንክጸንሑሉ ኣረኪቡዎ ነበሩ ኢዩ። እቲ ሳይለንሰር ጠበናጁ ባዕሉ ኢብራሂም ምስ ምቛም ኣሃዱ ኮማንዶ ናብ ደገ ከይዱ መሪጹ ዘምጽኦ ብረት ኢዩ። ብድሕሪ መርዕኡ ምስ ኑራ መሓመድ ኣብ 1980 ካርቱም፤ ናብ ደገ ምስ ተላእከ ድማ ኣብቲ ኣብ ምስሪ /እስክንድርያ/ ዝነበረሉ ግዜ ኢዩ ነቲ ብረት ኣእትዩዎ።

እቶም ሳይለንሰር ዝዓጠቑ ተጋደልቲ፣ ልክዕ ሰዓት ሓሙሽተ ድ.ቀ. ናብ ታባ ዓጋመት ክድይቡ እንከለዉ ዝረኣዮም ናይ ዓይኒ ምስክር /ጽባሕ ንግሆ ብኣካል ዝምስክር/ ኣሎ። ሻቡ ኢብራሂም ነታ ሰዓት ኣርባዕተ ድ.ቀ. ዝጀመራ ቡን ኣስታት ሰዓት ሽዱሽተ ወዳዲኡ፣ ምስ ክልተ ኦፐረተራቱን ሓደ መኻይድቱን ሒዙ ሰዓት ሽዱሽተ ንምዕራባዊ ጎቦ ዓጋመት ተተሓሓዞ። ከምቲ ኣብ ላዕሊ ገሊጸዮ ዘለኹ፣ ኣብ ምቕንጻል ወዲ ዓፋ ኢሳይያስ ንበይኑ ጥራይ ክፍጽሞ ኣይክእልን ኢዩ። ስለዚ ናብታ መዓልቲ እቲኣ ንምብጻሕ ብዙሓት ምስጢራውያን ኣኼባታት ምስ ሓያሎይ ሰባት ይገብር ከም ዝነበረ ፍሉጥ ኢዩ።

ሽዑ ምሸት ኢብራሂም ገንሸል መስዋእቲ ንምግባር ኩላቶም ተዋሳእቲ  ወዛሕዛሕ ዝብልሉ ዝነበሩ ምሸት ኢዩ። መስፍን ሓጎስ ምስ ፊሊጶስ ወልደዮሃንስ ድሕሪ ምሕዳሩ ናብ ዓራግ ላዕላይ፣ ፊሊጶስን ኢዮብ ሓሊባይን ናብ ታባ ደብረ-እበን፤ ኣላዪ መድረኽ እቲ ዓቢ ስርሒት ኢሳይያስ ከኣ ንኦፐረተሩ “ርክብኪ ምስ ወዲ ዓፋ ኣብ ሰሰዓት ኢዩ። ንዕኡ ምስ ረኸብኪ ከኣ ብቐጥታ ናባይ መልእኽቲ ስደዲ” ዝብል መምርሒ ስራሕ ድሕሪ ምሃቡ፤ ምስ ጊላይ መራሕ መኪንኡ ጉዕዞ ናብ ፖርት-ሱዳን።

ኣብ ዝሓለፈ ክፋል ጽሑፈይ ኢሳይያስ ካብ ካርቱም ናብ ዋና ጸሓፊ ህዝባዊ ግንባር ዝነበረ ሮሞዳን መሓመድ ኑር ናብ ደማስቆ /ሶርያ/ ዝሰደዶ መርድእ ወዲ ዓፋን፣ ህሉው ምክፍፋል ጀነራላት ህግደፍን ከቕርብ ምዃነይ ተዛሪበ ነይረ፣ ግን እቲ ታሪኽ መመሊሱ ይነውሕ ስለዘሎ፣ ኣብ ሓደ ክፋል ክጠቓለል ዝከኣል ኣይኮነን።

ኣብ ዝመጽእ ክፋል ቅንጸላ ኢብራሂም ዓፋ፣ ዝምድንኡ ምስ ኢሳይያስ ካብ ግዜ ሰብዓታት፣ ብፍላይ ከኣ ኣብ ዞባ ደቡብ ቦጦሎኒታት 4 ን 5 ን /ኣሃዱታት ናይ ወዲ ዓፋን ናይ ወልደንኪኤል ሃይለን/ ዓበይቲ ዓወታት ይገብራሉ ኣብ ዝነበራ ግዜ፤ ኢብራሂም ምስቲ ኣብቲ እዋን’ቲ ኣዛዚ ናይቲ ግንባር ዝነበረ ተጋዳላይ መስፍን ሓጎስ፤ ዝነበረ ስሉሳዊ ዝምድናታቶምን ርክቦም ምስ ኢሳይያስ እንታይ ይመስል ከም ዝነበረን፤ ከምኡ’ውን ኢብራሂም ዓፋ ኣብ ጉዳይ ስምረት፣ ኣብ ጉዳይ ምዝላቕን ጉዳይ ዝርርብ ሰላም ምብራቕ ጀርመንን ምስ ኢሳይያስ ኣፈወርቂ ዝነበሮ ናይ ኣረኣእያ ፍልልያትን ዝቕልቀሉ ዝነበሩ ሰበባትን ክንርኢ ኢና።

Sourceትልሚ፣ ንዘርኢ ክርዳድ : 6 ይ ክፋል - ብ ኣለና [http://assenna.com/index.php?option=com_content&view=article&id=3123:-6-&catid=46:discussion&Itemid=100584]

Latest information/evidence from Alena on the mysterious death of Ibrahim Afa [ part 5]

ኣብ ጋዜጣ ‘ሓዳስ ኤርትራ’  ጥሪ 15 1994 ዓምዲ ‘መስዋእቲ ዋጋ ሓርነት፤’ በቲ ብናይ ብርዒ ስም ‘ጽገሬዳ’ ዝብል  ዝጽሕፍ ዝነበረ ዓሊ ዓብዱ ዝተጻሕፈት፣ ብኢሳይያስ ድማ ምኩሕሓል ዝተገብረላን ጽሕፍቲ፤ እዚ ኣብ ላዕሊ ዘሎ ናይ ኣምሰሉ ቁንጫል ሕጥቦ-ጽሑፍ ተጻሒፉ ነበረ።  በዓል ደም ኢብራሂም ዓፋ ግን ናይ ጸላኢ ኣሃዱ ስለያ ዘይኮነስ፣ ባዕሉ እዚ ኮሓሓሊ ናይታ ጽሕፍቲ ዝኾነ ኢሳይያስ ምዃኑ ካብ እንፈልጥ ሓያለይ ዓመታት’ኳ እንተሓለፈ፣ ብሰንኪ ውሕስነት ህይወት ንነዊሕ ዓመታት ተጠኒሱ ድሕሪ ምጽናሕ ሎሚ ንምጽሓፍ በቒዑ።

ንሰባት ከም መለኮት ኣብ ዝኣመንካሉ ግዜ፣ እዚን ከምዚን ዝኣመሰለ ናይ ታሪኽ ሓተላ እናሰተኻ ኢኻ እትነብር። እቲ ዘገርም ኣቀታትላ ወዲ ዓፋ ረቂቕ ብዘይኮነ ስልቲ ተቐቲሉ ክነሱ፣ ካብ ትሒም-ትሒም ሓሊፉ ሃህ ኢሉ ዝተዛረበ ሰብ ዘይምንባሩ ኢዩ። ኣቀማምጣ ግንባር ሰሜናዊ ምብራቕ ሳሕል ንዝፈልጥ ከኣ’ሞ እቲ ኢሳይያስ ኢብራሂም ዓፋ ንምጥፋእ ዝወሰዶ ኣዕናዊ ስጉምቲ ንምርዳእ ናይ ምምርማር ሀ…ሁ  ዘድልዮ ጉዳይ ኣነበረን። ጎቦ ዓጋመት ሰራዊት ጸላኢ ኣብቲ ዝጸንከረ ወራራትን ብዙሕን ሓያልን ዓቕሚ ዝነበረሉን ግዜ ሓሙሻይን ሻድሻይን ወራራት’ኳ ኣይደየቦን።

ኣቀማምጥኡ ብወገን ምብራቕ ኣዝዩ ጸዳፍ ዝኾነ ጎቦ ዓጋመት፣ ካብ ጎቦ ደብረ-እበን ንወገን ሰሜን ኣዝዩ ዝረሓቐ ኢዩ። ኣብ እዋን ሓያል ግጥማት እቲ ግንባራት ሓዊ ዝተፍኣሉ ዝነበረ ግዜ፣ ካብ ታባ ዎድጋን ክሳብ ሩባ ሽግለት /ኣልጌን፣ ታብ ወዲ ገብሩ፣ ባዶ እኩብ፣ ማይ ክላሽን፣ ጉዋ፣ ታባ ፍረወይኒ፣ ማሕበርነት፣ ቀጠር፣ ደብረ-እበን/ ጥራይ ኢዩ ዝነበረ እቲ ሓያል ውግኣት።

እሞ ከኣ ኣብ 1985 ብድሕሪ’ቲ ጀነራል ሑሴን ኣሕመድ ዋና ኣዛዚ ‘ካልኣይ ኣብዮታዊ ሰራዊት’ ዝመርሖ ዝነበረ ዝተደምሰሰ፤ ግንባር ‘ውቃው እዝ’ ስለያ ጸላኢ ክድይቦ ዘይሕሰብ ኢዩ። ግንባር ሰ.ም.ሳሕል ኣብቲ ርሱን ዝነበረሉ ዓመታት፣ እቲ ንተጋደልቲ ተኸኽ ኣቢሉዎም ዝነበረ ስለያ ‘23ኛ ክፍለጦር’ ይኹን ካብ ግንባር ሓል-ሓል ናብቲ ግንባር ተቐይሩ ዝነበረ ኣየር ወለድ ሰራዊት’ውን ናብ ከባቢ ዓጋመት ናይ ምድያብ ፈተነ ገይሮም ኣይፈልጡን ኢዮም።

ኣብ ኣሰራርሓ ውድብ ህዝባዊ ግንባር ብድሕሪ’ቲ ሓያል ተወፋይነት ሰራዊትን ህዝቢን ዓቢ ተራ ዝነበሮ ስለያ /ክፍሊ 72/፤ ኣይሽንኳይዶ ካብ ማህሚመት ናብ ዓጋመት /ኣስታት 40-50 ኪ.ሜ./ ዝተበገሰት ጋንታ ስለያ ጸላኢ፣ ሓንቲ ኣሃዱ ካብ ኣስመራ ክትብገስ እንከላ ኢያ ትፍለጥ ዝነበረት።

ኣብ ጠለፋ ዝለዓለ ክእለት ዝነበሮ ክፍሊ 72፣ ነቲ ብቕልል ዝበለ ኮዳት ጥራይ ዘይኮነስ፤ ነቶም ብሞርስ ኮዳት /ብኣዝዩ ዝተሓላለኸ ማዕበል/ ዝመሓላለፉ ዝነበሩ መልእኽቲን ብድሕሪ ምድምሳስ ግንባር ናቕፋ ዝተማረኸ ብዝለዓለ ተክኖሎጂ ዝተሰርሐ ኣር.ዲ.ኤፍ. /RDF/ ዝተባህለ ስርሓት ሩስያ ዝኾነ መራኸቢታት’ውን ኣብ ጥቕሙ ኣውዒሉዎ ኢዩ።

ሓደ ሓደ ግዜ ነፈርቲ ኲናት ከም ዝብገሳን፣ ኣበየናይ ከባቢታት ክድብድባ ምዃነንን ይፍለጥ ነይሩ ኢዩ። ደርግ ነቲ ኣብ ግንባር ሓልሓልዝኸፈቶ ወራር ‘ባሕሪ ነጋሽ’ ጸቕጢ ንምግባር ጥራይ ብማህሚመት ዝተቐልቀለ ውሑድ ቁጽሩ ሰራዊት፣ ኣብቲ ብረሾ 12 ጦር-ሰራዊት ንሓደ ተጋዳላይ ዝብጽሖ ዝነበረ እዋን፣ ሓያል ዝነበረሉ ግዜ’ኳ ዘይደየቦ ጎቦ ዓጋመት፤ ደይቡ ንኢብራሂም ዓፋ ቀቲሉዋ ክበሃል፤ እንታይ ዓይነት ስራይ ከም ዝተገብረሉ ንተጋዳላይ እንድዒ!

ደሓር ቀሰይ ኢልካ ኣብ ትትንትነሉ ግዜ፣ “ናይ ጸላኢ ስለያ ኣብ ዓጋመት ደይቡ ንወዲ ዓፋ ቀቲሉዎ። ግን ካብቲ ንስለያ ዝወፈረ ሓይሊ ወላ ሓደ ሰብ’ውን ኣይተመልሰን። ኩላቶም ተቐቲሎም ኢዮም!” ዝብል ጥበብ ከኣ ተማሂዙ። ሽዑ ኣብ ታባ ዓጋመት ምስ ወዲ ዓፋ ዝተቐትለ መብራህቱ ተወልደመድህን ዝተባህለ ተጋዳላይ ነይሩ’ዩ። ሓደ ካብ ኣባላት ክፍሊ ታዕሊም ከኣ ነቲ ዝተገብረ ርኡይ ቅንጸላ ምስ ተዓዘበ፣ ደድሕሪ ወዲ ዓፋን መብራህቱን ጥይት ናብኡ ከም እትቐንዕ ስለዘይሰሓቶ፤  ኣብ ወጋሕታ ከም ኢራብ በሪሩ ምስ ጠፍአ ኣይተረኽበን። ስለዚ ንኢሳይያስን ደቀ-መዛሙርቱን ኣዝዩ ዘሻቕሎም ጉዳይ ኮነ።

መብራህቱ ኣብ ስርዓት ኢትዮጵያ ሻምበል ዝነበረ፣ ምስ በዓል ሻለቃ ነጋሽ ተስፋጼን /ሎሚ ብሪጋደር ጀነራል/ ዝተሰለፈ፤ ምኩር ወተሃደር ኢዩ ዝነበረ። ሻምበል ኣብ ስርዓት ኢትዮጵያ ዓላሚ ክቡር ዘብዐኛ ዝነበረ፣ ዝለዓለ ወተሃደራዊ ጥበብ ዝነበሮ፣ ኣብ ዓራግ /ሳሕል/ ድማ ነቶም ኢብራሂም ዓፋ ዝመስረቶም ቀዳሞት ኮማንዶ ህዝባዊ ግንባር ዝዓለመ ምኩር ወተሃደር ኢዩ ነይሩ። ሽዑ ምስቶም ናብ ታባ ዓጋመት ዝደየቡ ኣባላት ክፍሊ ታዕሊም፣ ደይቡ ነይሩ።

እቲ መደንጾ ጉዳይ ከኣ ህዝባዊ ግንባር ካብ ጸላኢ ዝሰለቦ ንብረት ከም ብረት፣ ቦምባ፣ ብራሾ ወ.ዘ.ተ…ኣድቂቑ ዝጸባጸብ ውድብ ክነሱ፣ ጫማ ይኹን ቀጠልያ ክዳን ጦር-ሰራዊት ኣይተራእየን። ህዝባዊ ግንባር ኣብ ተመኩሮኡ ንዝሞቱ ወተሃደራት ጸላኢ ቀቢሩ ኣይፈልጥን ኢዩ። ኣብ ዝባን ዓጋመት ሰባት ምስ ደየቡ ግን ወላ ሓደ ናይ ጸላኢ ሬሳ ወይ ደም ዝተጸየቐት እምኒ ኣይረኣዩን። እቲ ፊልም ኣዝዩ ነዊሕ ኢዩ። ኣባላት ክፍሊ ታዕሊም በዓል ወዲ በላይን ፣ ኣብ ቤት ትምህርቲ ዊና ተክኒካዊ ትምህርቲ ዝመሃሩ ዝነበሩ ተጋደልቲን፣ ወጋሕታ ሰዓት ኣርባዕተ ኣብ ጥርዚ ዓጋመት ኣድራጋ ጠያይት ምስ ተተኮሰ፤ ንረዳት ደይቦም ኢዮም።

ግን ካብቲ ጥቓ ቦታ ፍጻሜ “ተመለሱ” ተባሂሎም ከም ዝተመልሱ ህሉዋት ሰባት ዝገልጽዎ ሓቂ ኢዩ። ሓደ ኣብቲ ከባቢ ካብ ዝነበሩ ተጋደልቲ ጉርጃ ዝተባህለ፣ መምህር ተመሃሮ ዊና፤ ብዙሕ ምትእስሳራት ተዓዚቡ ነይሩ ኢዩ። ጉርጃ ዓው ኢሉ ዝዛረብ ግሩህ ተጋዳላይ ምንባሩ ዘይፈልጥ ተጋዳላይ የለን። እቲ ዘገርም ከኣ ተጋዳላይ ጉርጃ ኣብ ፈለማ ዓመታት ናጽነት ‘ሃንደበታዊ መስዋእቲ’ ብዝተባህለ መርድእ ኣብ ኣስመራ ተሰዊኡን ተቐቢሩን። ኣብ ኤሮውሮጳ ንነዊሕ ዓመታት ኣባል ሓፋሽ ውድብ ዝነበረ ሓዉ ንጉርጃ ከኣ ኣብ ኣስመራ ተኣኢሩ ነይሩ’ዩ። ማእሰርቱ ምስ ጉዳይ ሓዉ ምትእስሳር ነይሩዎ’ዶ ኣይነበሮን ግን ዝፈለጥኩዎ ነገር ኣይነበረን።

እቲ ዘጥቅዐ ስለያ ብሙሉኡ ተቐቲሉ ኢዩ ተባሂሉ፣ ምኽንያቱ ሃዲሙ እንተተባሂሉ ድማ ስለምንታይ ደኣ ደርግ ዘይዛረበሉ ከይበሃል። ኣብ ግዜ ለይቲ ዝንቀሳቐስ ሰላሕታ ኣሃዱ ስለያ፣ መሬት ከይወግሐ ናብ ደጀኑ ክምለስ ስለዝግብኦ፣ ኣብቲ ግዜ’ቲ ጥርዚ ዓጋመት ንምብጻሕ ነቲ በብስጉምቲ ክኸይድ ዝነበሮ ኣሃዱ ስለያ ዝበሉዎ በዓል ኢሳይያስ፤ ካብ ጎላጉል ኣውገት ብቐትሪ ክብገስ ነይሩዎ። ጸላኢ ንምክትታል ኣብ ጠረዚት እቲ ግንባር ዝነበረ ናይ ህዝባዊ ግንባር ቢኒኮሎታትን /ክሻፋታት/  ኣብ ጫፍ ታባ ቀጠር ዝነበረ ፍሉይ መቆጻጸሪ ክሻፋን /ተለስኮፕ/ ነቲ ዝተበገሰ ስለያ ዘይርእያ እንተድኣ ነይረን እንታይ ኢየን ዝሕልዋ ነይረን? ኣብቲ ዓይኒ እንከለና ዕዉራት፣ እዝኒ እንከለና ድማ ጸማማት ዝነበርናሉ ሰዓት ብምሒር እምነት ንኢሳይያስ ኣፈወርቂ ንከምዚ ዝኣመሰለ ቀሊል ተዋስኦ’ውን ክንዕዘቦ ኣይከኣልናን።

Souce / ትልሚ፣ ንዘርኢ ክር

 

ኢብራሂም ዓፋ ክቕጽል።
ውጽኢት ቀዳማይ ውድባዊ ጉባአ ህዝባዊ ግንባር፣ ሮሞዳን መሓመድ ኑር ዋና ጸሓፊ፣ ኢሳይያስ ኣፈወርቂ ምክትል ዋና ጸሓፊ ክኾኑ እንከለዉ፤ ሃይለ ወልደንስአ /ድሩዕ/ ሓላፊ ፒለቲካዊ ጉዳያት ፣ ኢብራሂም ዓፋ ድማ ሓላፊ ወተሃደራዊ ጉዳያት ኮይኖም ተመዘዙ። ካብ ኣባላት ፖለቲካዊ ቤት ጽሕፈት ኣብ ብዙሕ ኣኼባታት ንዓፋኒ ኣከያይድኡን ተበላጺ ዕላምኡን ዝቃወሞ ዝነበረ ኢብራሂም ዓፋ፣ ሓደ መዓልቲ ናይ ጥፍኣት ነታጒ ክቐብረሉ ምዃኑ ኣየደቀሶን።
ብድሕሪ ውድባዊ ጉባአ፣ ኣብቲ ‘በብቑሩብ ሰብን መሬትን ሓራ ምውጻእ’ ዝብል ወተሃደራዊ ስልቲ፣ እተን ቀዳሞት ብወተሃደራዊ ሕንጻጽ ኢብራሂም ዓፋ: ተወፋይነት ህዝቢን ተጋዳላይን ናጻ ዝወጻ ከተማታትን ሓውሲ ከተማታትን ኤርትራ እዘን ዝስዕባ ነበራ፦ 1) ናቕፋ ብዕለት 23  1977። 2) ኣፍዓበት ብዕለት 06 ሚያዝያ 1977። 3) ደቀምሓረ ብዕለት 06/ ሓምለ 1977።  4) ከረን ብዕለት 08 ሓምለ 1977። 5) ሰገነይቲ ብዕለት 03 ነሓሰ 1977። 6) ድግሳ ብዕለት 05 ነሓሰ 1977 ናጻ ክወጻ እንከለዋ ካልኦት ኣብ መንገዲ ባጽዕ-ኣስመራ፣ ክሳብ ሰይ ዲቺ /16 ኪ.ሜትር ካብ ኣስመራ/  ዝነበራ’ ውን ሰዓብአን።
ብወገን ተ.ሓ.ኤርትራ ናጻ ኮይነን ዝነበራ ከተማታትን ሓውሲ ከተማታትን’ውን 1) ተሰነይ ብዕለት 10 ሚያዝያ 1977። 2) መንደፈራ ብዕለት 24 ነሓሰ 1977  3) ኣቑርደት ብዕለት 31 ነሓሰ 1977። 4) ዓዲ ዃላ ብዕለት 12 ነሓሰ 1977 ነበራ። ኣብቲ ግዜ’ቲ ብዘይካ ፍርቂ ክፋል ባጽዕ፣ ዓዲ ቐይሕ፣ ባረንቱን ዓሰብን መላእ መሬት ኤርትራ /ልዕሊ 80%/ ካብ ቁጽጽር ጸላኢ ናጻ ወጺኡ ነበረ። ኣብ መንጎ ክልቲኡ ውድባት ዝነበረ ዝምድናታት እናዓዘዘ ኣብ ዝኸደሉ ዝነበረ ዓመታት ኢዩ’ምበኣር ኢሳይያስ ነታ ንሱ ንበይኑ ዘይነግሰላ ኤርትራ ንዝተቐረበ መኣዲ ናጽነት ደፊኡ፤ ንውድብ ህዝባዊ ግንባር ናብ ምዝላቕ ከም ዝኣቱ ዝገበረ። ኣብ ጉዳይ ምዝላቕ ኣብ መንጎ ላዕለዎት ሓለፍቲ ውድብ ህዝባዊ ግንባር ዘይምርድዳእ ከም ዝነበረ ድሒሩ ይስማዕ ነይሩ ኢዩ።  
ንውግእ መብዛሕትአን ናጻ ዝወጻ ከቢታት ብትብዓት መሪሑ ዘዐወተ ወዲ ዓፋ ድማ መመሊሱ ካብ ተጋዳልቲ ወርቂ ዘውዲ እናደፍአ ከደ።  ኣብ ብዙሓት ኣሃዱታት “…ሰራዊት እንግሊዝ ንከረን ካብ ወተሃደራት ጥልያን ንምሓዝ ሽዱሽተ ኣዋርሕ ወሲዱሎም። ንህዝባዊ ግንባር ግን 3  መዓልቲ ጥራይ…ዓጀብ ጅግንነት!” ኣብ ዝበሃለሉ ዝነበረ ግዜ፤ ዝና ወዲ ዓፋ እናለዓለ ከደ።
እቲ ዝና  ዝስመዓሉ ዝነበረ ግዜ’ውን ኢብራሂም ላዕለዋይ ሓባራዊ ፖለቲካዊ ሽማግለ ክልቲኡ ውድባት ኮይኑ ንክሰርሕ ውድብ መዝነት ኣሰከሞ። ኣብ ላዕለዋይ ሓባራዊ መሪሕነት ይሰርሓሉ ኣብ ዝነበረ ግዜ፤ ብዛዕባ ተኽእሎ ሓድነት ክልቲኡ ውድባት ኤርትራ ምሉእ ዕድል ከም ዝነበረን፤ ናጽነት ኤርትራ ንምጉንጻፍ’ውን ነተን ዝተረፋ መዓስከራት ጸላኢ ዝኸፈልካ ከፊልካ ናጻ ምውጽአን ዝብል  ጸብጻቡ የቕርብ ነበረ።
ብድሕሪ ምሕራር ከተማ ከረን፣ ኤርትራ ናጻ ክትወጸሉ እትኽእለሉ ኣገባብን መንገዲን ብዝምልከት ምስ ኢሳይያስ ሓያለይ ግዜ ናብ ቁሩቁስ ይኣትዉ ነይሮም ኢዮም። ኢብራሂም ዓፋ በቲ ኢሳይያስ በብዓመቱ ዝወስዶ ዝነበረ ቃሕታዊ ስጉምቲ ዕጉብ ኣይነበረን።
ናጻን ዲሞክራስያዊን ርእይቶ ዝነበሮ ወዲ ዓፋ፣ ነቲ ብኣረኣእያ ኢሳይያስ ጥራይ ዝውሰን ዝነበረ ጉዳያት፦      1)ጉዳይ ስምረት ምስ ውድብ ተ.ሓ.ኤ.፣
2)ጉዳይ ምዝላቕ ካብ ኣፍደገ ኣስመራ
3)ጉዳይ ዝርርብ ምስ ደርግ ኣብ በርሊን።
ኢብራሂም ዓፋ ብፍላይ ኣብ ጉዳይ ዝርርብ ምብራቕ ጀርመን /በርሊን/ ንሓፋሽ ህዝቢ ኤርትራ ብዘርብሕ ኣገባብ፣ ንጹር ተቓውሞ ናብ ኢሳይያስ የቕርብ ነይሩ ኢዩ።  
ቀዳማይ ርክብ በርሊን ካብ ዕለት     25-29/11/1977
ካልኣይ ርክብ  በርሊን ብዕለት       02/02/1978
ሳልሳይ  ርክብ በርሊን ካብ ዕለት     22-23/03/1978
ራብዓይ ርክብ በርሊን ካብ ዕለት     09-10/06/1978
ኢሳይያስ ኣፈወርቂ፤  ስርዓት ደርግ ሓይሉ ክሳብ ዘደልድልን ካብ ሕብረት-ሶቭየት ነበር እልቢ ዘይነበሮ ኣጽዋር ክሳብ ዝዕድግን ኢዩ ዝጽበዮ ነይሩ። ደርግ ድማ ብስም ‘ዝርርብ ሰላም’ ናይ ምህማል ኣሽካዕላል ክጻወት ድሕሪ ምጽናሕ፣ ልዕሊ 300,000 ሰራዊት ኣሰሊፉ ብዕለት 15/07/1978 ሰፊሕ ቀዳማይ ወራር ደርግ  ጀመረ።
ከምኡ’ውን ኣብ መስዋእቲ ኣብርሃም ተወልደን፤ ደሓር’ውን ኣብ ጉዳይ ምእሳር  ሰለሞን ወልደማርያምን  ዓቢ ፍልልይ ኢዩ ነይሩዎም። ንእግረ መንገድና ሰለሞን ወልደማርያም ናብ ሱዳን ምስ ሃደመ ወዲ ዓፋን ሮሞዳን መሓመድ ኑርን ኢዮም ከይዶም ለሚኖም መሊሶሞ። “ብናትካ እምነት ጥራይ እየ ዝምለስ ዘለኹ” ኢሉ ሰለሞን ንኢብራሂም ተዛሪቡዎ ነይሩ’ዩ።     
ኣብ መንጎ ኣባላት ፖለቲካዊ ቤት ጽሕፈት ህዝባዊ ግንባር፣ ብፍላይ ከኣ ኣብ መንጎ ኢሳይያስን ገለ ኣባላት ፖ/ቤ/ጽሕፈትን  ከቢድ ግርጭት ከም ዝነበረ ድማ ተኽላይ ገብረማርያም /ዓደን/ ብ23 ታሕሳስ 1980 ኣብ ረድዮ ኢትዮጵያ ገሊጽዎ ነይሩ ኢዩ።       
እቲ ዝነበረ ምፍጣጥን ሓያል ናጻ ርእይቶ ኢብራሂም ዓፋን ግን ንኢሳይያስ ፈጺሙ ኣየደቀሶን ነይሩ። ብድሕሪ ምዝላቕ፣ ኢሳይያስ ኢብራሂም ንምንጻልን ንምድስካልን ብዙሕ ፈተነታት ገይሩ’ዩ። ገለ ኢሳይያስ ዝለኣኾም መዓድቲ ንኢብራሂም “ካብዚ ዘለኻዮ ሓንሳብ ምስራሕ ንሓንሳብ ከኣ ምድስካልሲ ሞት ይሓይሽ፣ ሰብኣይ ክልተ ግዜ ክረአ የብሉን…” እናበሉ ከምቲ ኣባል ማእከላይ ሽማግለ ህዝባዊ ግንባር ዝነበረ ተጋዳላይ ሃብተ ተኽለ ዝወሰዶ ርእሰ-ቅትለት፤ ወዲ ዓፋ’ውን ኣንጸርጺሩ ነብሱ ንክቐትል ምድፍፋእ ይግበረሉ ነይሩ።
ኣብ ሻድሻይ ወራር ደርግ ኢሳይያስ ንወዲ ዓፋ ኣብቲ ብተመክሮኡ ክመርሓሉ ዝግባእ ግንባራት  ኣብ ክንዲ ዝሰዶ፣ ነቲ ብጎላጉል ናሮ ዝወፈረ፣ ዓቐበት ኣግራዕ /ጽርግያ ሓመድ ዲበላይ/ ንምዕጻው ዝወፍር ዝነበረ  3ይ ክፍለ-ጦር ደርግ ንክከላኸል ተነግሮ። ኢብራሂም ዓፋ ነታ ካብ ብርጌድ 51 ዝመጸት ኣሃዱን /ቦጦሎኒ ወዲ ጸገደ/ ካብ ክፍልታት /ዓምበርቦብ ሕሽክብ/ ኣስመሮም ገረዝግሄር ዘማእከሎም ዝኸተቱ ተጋደልቲን መሪሑ ተዋግአ።
እቲ ኣብ መንጎ ኢሳይያስን ኢብራሂምን ዝነበረ ምስሕሓባት እናኸረረ ከደ። ኢሳይያስ፣ ኢብራሂም ንምንጻል ኣብ ኣባላት ሰልፊ “…ምስ ዑስማን ሳልሕ ሳበን ደቂ ሰምሃርን ተመሻጢሩ ዕልዋ ክገብር ይሓስብ ኣሎ” ዝብል ወገናዊ ምጉጅጃል ክገብር ጀመረ። ግን ኣይሰመረሉን፣ እቲ ምንታይ ሞያ ወዲ ዓፋ ዘይፈልጥ ተጋዳላይ ስለዘይነበረ። ኣብቲ ብዕለት 10 ጥቅምቲ 1985 ዝጀመረ ወራር ‘ባሕሪ ነጋሽ’ ኢዩ’ምበኣር ኢሳይያስ ጽቡቕ ኣጋጣሚ ረኺቡ።
ጸላኢ ብዕለት 19 መጋቢት 1984 ብኲናት ተሳዒሩ ንዝገደፎ ግንባር ሰሜናዊ ምብራቕ ሳሕል ሃንደበት ብማርሳ ተኽላይ ኣተዎ። ሽዑ ኢብራሂም ኣብ ዓራግ ኢዩ ነይሩ። ኣብቲ ከባቢ ብዘይካ ኣሃዱ ክፍሊ ታዕሊም፣ ተመሃሮ /ክፍሊ ህንጻ/ መዓስከር ዊናን ገለ ሓለፍቲን ካልእ ተዋጋኢ ሓይሊ ኣይነበረን። ኩሉ ኣብ ከባቢ ዓራግን ሓሊበትን ዝነበረ ተራ ይኹን ሓላፊ ናብ ግንባር ሓልሓል ከቲቱ ነበረ።
ከምቲ ኣብ ላዕሊ ተገሊጹ ዘሎ ምህዞ ኢሳይያስ ንፊልም ቅንጸላ ኢብራሂም ሽዑ ኢዩ ጀሚሩ። ከምቲ ኣቐዲመ ዝጠቐስኩዎ ድማ፣ ሃንደበት ናብ ሱዳን ተበገሰ። ንወዲ ዓፋ ዝቐትል ‘እሙን’ በዓል መዚ ፈልዩ ክብገስ እንከሎ፤ ኦፐረተሩ ንዝነበረት ተጋዳሊት“…ርክብኪ ምስ ወዲ ዓፋ ኣብ ሰሰዓት ይኹን። ንወዲ ዓፋ ምስ ረኸብኪ ከኣ፣ ቀጥታ ንዓይ ርኸብኒ። ስለዚ ኣነን ንስኺን ርክብና ኣብ ከክልተ ሰዓት ኢዩ።” ኢሉዋ ተበገሰ። ኦፐረተር ርክባ ኣየቋረጸትን፣ ናብ ካርቱም ምስ ኣተወ፣ ንግሆ ዘመሓላለፈቶ ቀዳማይ መልእኽታ ከኣ ንኢሳይያስ ናይ ደስ-ደስ ዜና ኮነ።


ኦፐረተር ንኢብራሂም ዓፋ ካብ ወጋሕታ ሰዓት ኣርባዕተ ንደሓር ክትረኽቦ ከም ዘይከኣለት መልእኽታ ኣመሓላለፈት። ትርጉሙ ብስራት ንኢሳይያስ፤ ንህዝቢ ኤርትራ ግን መርድእ ነበረ። እታ ንግሆ እቲኣ ድማ ኢሳይያስ ጸባ ዝሰተየላ፣ ጅግና ኢብራሂም ዓፋ ከኣ ኣብ ኣኻውሕ ጎቦ ዓጋመት ዝተቐብረላ ወጋሕታ ኮነት። ትልሚ ንዘርኢ ክርዳድ ዝተለመ ኢሳይያስ፣ እታ ንግሆ እቲኣ ትልሚ ዝኽትምና ሳራ ኢብራሂም ነበረት።
ሽዑ ምክትል ክነሱ መርድእ ኢብራሂም ዓፋ ናብ ዋና ጸሓፊ ሮሞዳን መሓመድ ኑር ሰደደ። ሮሞዳን ኣብቲ ግዜ’ቲ ብጉዳይ ስራሕ ኣብ ሶርያ ደማስቆ ኢዩ ዝነበረ። ነቲ መርድእ ምስ ኣንበበ ከኣ፣ እቲ ጉዳይ ሃንደበት ከም ዝኾኖ ናይ ሕርቃን ቃል ተዛሪቡ ኢዩ። ምዝራብ ጥራይ ዘይኮነ ከኣ፣ ገጹ ከም ዝኣሰረን ካብቶም ጥቕኡ ዝነበሩ ሰባት’ውን ከም ዝተኣልየን ናይ ዓይኒ ምስክር፣ ኣብቲ ግዜ’ቲ ምስ ሮሞዳን ኣብ ደማስቆ ዝነበረ ኣባል ማእከላይ ሽማግለ ህዝባዊ ግንባር መሓመድ ኑር ዲጎል ሎሚ ብሂወቱ ዘሎ ሰብ’ዩ።

ትልሚ፣ ንዘርኢ ክርዳድ : 7 ይ ክፋል - ብ ኣለና

ትልሚ ንዘርኢ ክርዳድ - 8ይ ክፋል - ብ ኣለና

Thursday, 04 November 2010 19:54
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እዞም ክልተ ሓለፍቲ ብወገን ሰሜናዊ ምብራቕ ዝኸዱ ኣምሲሎም  ጸልማት ጉልባብ ገይሮም ደድሕሪ ኢብራሂም ናብ ዓጋመት ደይቦም ኢዮም። ኣብ ጥቓ ወዲ ዓፋ ዝነበሮ ኣድብዮም ከም ዝሓደሩ፣ ሳይለንሰር ምስ ዝዓጠቑ ረሸንቲ ጉጅለ ብኮድ ድሕሪ ምርኻቦም ከኣ፣ ወጋሕታ ሰዓት ኣርባዕተ ንኢብራሂም ዓፋ፣ ሻምበል መብራህቱን ዮሴፍ ዝተባህለ ኣውቲስትኡን ምስኡ ደይቦም ዝነበሩ ኣባላቱን ቀተሉዎም።

ንእለት በዓል ፊሊጶስ ኣብ ጥቓ እቶም ረሸንቲ ኮይኖም ኣድራጋ ቶኽሲ እናተኮሱ ናብቲ ኩምራ ሬሳታት ተሓወሱ። ከምቲ ኣብ ዝሓለፈ ክፋል ዝገለጽኩዎ ከኣ፣ ዓላማይ ወዲ በላይ /ኢዱ ቆራጽ ተጋዳላይ/ ካብ ክፍሊ ታዕሊም ዘበገሶም ተጋደልቲን ካብ ምኽታት ግንባር ሓልሓል ዝተረፉ ተመሃሮ ቤት ትምህርቲ ዊናን ናብ ዝባን ዓጋመት ንረዳት ኣብ ዝጎይሉ ዝነበሩ ወጋሕታ፤ ኣብ መንገዲ ዝጸንሖም መስፍን ሓጎስ፦

“ተመለሱ ወላ ሓንቲ ነገር የለን። ገለ ውሑዳት ስለያ ኢየን ቶግ-ቶግ ኣቢለን ጸኒሐን። ግን ኩላተን ኣብኣ ተዛሕዚሐን ኢየን። ኪዱ ተመለሱ ኣመት ኣሃዱታትኩም ግበሩ” ኢሉ ከም ዝመለሶም ብሂወት ዘለዉ መሰኻኽር ኣለዉና፣ ጽባሕ ንግሆ ድማ ባዕሎም ክምስክሩ ኢዮም። ቅድሚ ሰሙን ኣብ ኢ-መይለይ ዝረኸብኩዎ ተወሳኺ ናይ ዓይኒ ምስክር ድማ፣ ሓደ ሽዑ ከብዱ ተወጊኡ ንመዓናጥኡ ብጨርቂ ጀኒኑ ብስንባድ ናብ ክፍሊ ባህሊ ዓራግ ዝወረደ ተስፋኣለም ዝተባህለ ኣባል ክፍሊ ታዕሊም ተጋዳላይ ተራእዩ ነይሩ። ድሕሪ ቁሩብ ግዜ ናበይ ከም ዘእተዉዎ ግን ዝፈለጠ ሰብ ኣይነበረን።

ነቲ ተዋስኦ ሓቀኛ ጉዳይ ከም ዝኾነ ንምምሳል ከኣ ቶኽሲ ክሳብ ፋዱስ ጸጸኒሑ ተሰምዐ። እቲ ዝወፈረ ኣሃዱ ስለያ ጸላኢ እንተድኣ ነይሩ፣ ቶኽሲ ከኣ ወጋሕታ ሰዓት ኣርባዕተ ተኸፊቱ። ‘’ኩላተን እተን ንስለያ ዝወፈራ ተቐቲለን ኢየን’’ ተባሂሉ ተዘሪቡስ፣ ስለምንታይ ደኣ “ተቐቲለን” እንተኾይነን ቶኽሲ ክሳብ ፋዱስ? ናይ ዓወት ቶኽሲ ኢዩ ክትኮስ ዘርፈደ ከይንብሎ፣ ህዝባዊ ግንባር ኣይሽንኳይዶ ንሓደ ጉጅለ ስለያ ደምሲሱ፣ ንዝኾነ ወተሃደራዊ ዓወት’ውን ቃሕ ከም ዝበሎ ጠያይት ንሰማይ ተኲሱ ኣይፈልጥን ኢዩ።

ኣብ ስልቲ ወተሃደራዊ ስለያ፣ ዝኾነ ብለይቲ ዝወፍር ኣጥቃዒ ብጸልማት ኣጥቂዑ መሬት ቅድሚ ምብርሁ ናይ ግድን ናብ ደጀኑ ክበጽሕ ነይሩዎ። ስለያ ጸላኢ ክሳብ መሬት ዝበርህ ኣብ ዝባን ዓጋመት ኳሕ-ገም ከብል እንተውዒሉ ግን ባዕሉ ንሞት ተፈሪዱ ምባል ይሓይሽ።

መስፍን ሓጎስ ብዱሮ ካብ ዓንበርቦብ ናብ ዓራግ ምስ ወዲ ዓፋ ብዝነበሮ ቆጸራ ንምሕዳር ከም ዝኸደ፣ ደሓር “ፊሊጶስ ናይ ግድን ምሳይ ሕደር ስለዝበለኒ…” ኢሉ ምስ ፊሊጶስ ወልደዮሃንስ  ምሕዳሩ፤ ቶኽሲ ኣብ ዝባን ጎቦ ዓጋመት ተሰሚዑ ተጋደልቲ ንረዳት ኣብ ዝጎዩሉ ዝነበሩ ግዜ ድማ ኣብ መንገዲ ዓጋመት ጸኒሑ “ተመለሱ ወላ ሓንቲ ነገር የለን” ኢሉ ምምላሱን ዝተሓላለኸ ኣጋጣሚታት ኢዩ። ብኸመይ ኢዩ ኪገጣጠም ከኣ ንኣንባቢ እገድፎ።

ተጋዳላይ መስፍን ኣብ 2001 ካብ ኣስመራ ምስ ወጸ ኣብተን ቀዳሞት ክልተ ዓመታት ብዛዕባ መስዋእቲ ኢብራሂም ዓፋ ተሓቲቱ ክምልስ እንከሎ፦ ‘’ምስ ኢብራሂም ንክንራኸብ ቆጸራ ነይሩና ኢዩ፣ ኣጋጣሚ ኮይኑ ግን ተሰዊኡ’’ ኢሉ ነይሩ። ስለዚ ገለ ንእሽቶ ካብቲ ዓቢ ምስጢር ወዲ ዓፋ ከምዚ ኣብ ክልተ ክፋላት ቀሪቡ ዘሎ ይመስል። ‘ሰብ ይሕመ ዕባራ ይግመ’ ከም ዝበሃል ከኣ፤ ካብቲ ናይዞም ሓለፍቲ ዝነበረ ወዛሕዛሕ /ፊሊጶስ ወልደዮሃንስ፣ መስፍን ሓጎስ፣ ኢዮብ ሓሊባይ/ መን እንታይ ዓይነት ተራ ነይሩዎ ንምፍላጥ ዘጸግም ኣይኮነን።

“እሕሕሕ! ዘይተሰርነቐ ይኽእላ” ከም ዝበሃል፣ ኣቶ መስፍን ሓጎስ ብሰናፍጭ ህዝቢ ኤርትራ ከይተሰርነቕካ እንከለኻ፣ ን5 ሚልዮን ህዝቢ ኤርትራ ትኽሕሰሉ ሰዓት ሎሚ ይኹን። ናብ ሜዳ ኤርትራ ግዜ ደርሆ-ነቆ ስለዝወጻእካ፤ ኣብ ዝሓለፈ ናይ በረኻ ቅንጸላ ኣሽሓት ዜጋታት ኤርትራውያን ምስ ኢሳይያስ ቀንጻሊ ኔርካ ወይ ድማ ሎሚ ቀንጸልቲ ንዝነበሩ ንገር። ሳልሳይ መንገዲ የለን!

ኣብ መንጎ ኢሳይያስን ኢብራሂምን ዝነበረ ዘይምርድዳእ፣ ካብ ግዜ ቀዳማይን ካልኣይን ወገናት ህዝባዊ ሓይልታት /1971/ ዝጀመረ ምንባሩ ኩሉ ገዲም ዝፈልጦ ሓቂ ኢዩ። ስለዚ ሓደ ካብቶም ኢሳይያስ መዓልቲ ዝጽበየሎም ዝነበሩ መሪሕነት ኢብራሂም ዓፋ ኢዩ ዝነበረ። ኢብራሂም ብወተሃደራዊ ክእለት ልዕሊ ኢሳይያስ’ምበር ትሕቲኡ ኣይነበረን። እዚኣ ከኣ እታ ሕማም መርዘኑ ንኢሳይያስ ዝነበረት ኢያ። ኣብቲ ክልተ ክፋላት ህዝባዊ ሓይልታት ነንበይነን ዝነበራሉ እዋን፣ ኢብራሂም ዓፋ፦ “እዚ መስፍን ሓጎስ ተኣሲሩ ክምርመር ኣለዎ” ኢሉ ነይሩ ይበሃል።

ምኽንያቱ መስፍን፣ ኣብ ቀዳማይ ወገን ህዝባዊ ሓይልታት ምስ 1) ሮሞዳን መሓመድ ኑር 2) መሓመድ ዓሊ ዑማሮ 3) መሓመድ ዑመር ዓብደላ 4) ዓሊ መሓመድ ዑስማን 5) መሓሪ ደበሳይ ወ.ዘ.ተ… መሪሕነት ተመሪጹ እንከሎ፤ ብቐትሪ ምስ ቀዳማይ ወገን፣ ብለይቲ ከኣ ናብ ካልኣይ ወገን እናኸደ ምስ ኢሳይያስ ምስጢራዊ ርክባት ይገብር ስለዝነበረ ኢዩ ወዲ ዓፋ ‘ምስጢራት ውድብ የበጻጽሕ ስለዘሎ ይመርመር’ ዝበለ።

ኣብ 1967 ዓ.ም. ካብ ሓይሊ ባሕሪ ባጽዕ ዝተሰለፈ  ኢብራሂም፤ ኢሳይያስ ንስልጠና ብ1967 ናብ ቻይና ምስ ከደ፤ ንሱ’ውን ብ1968 ዓ.ም. ናብ ኩባ ተላኢኹ ነበረ። ኣብቲ ካብ 70ታት ክሳብ ቀዳማይ ውድባዊ ጉባአ /1977/ ዓ.ም. ዝነበረ እዋን ሓሓሊፉ ኣብ መንጎኦም ዘይምርድዳእ ከም ዝነበረ ኩሉ ገዲም ተጋዳላይ ዝፈልጦ ሓቂ ኢዩ። ኢብራሂም ኣብ ኲናት መራሒ ጥራይ ዘይኮነስ፣ ተባዕ ተዋጋኣይ ምንባሩ ከኣ ንዝና ኢሳይያስ ዝቆራቖስ ኮይኑ ይረኣዮ ስለዝነበረ፤ ፈጺሙ ኣየደቀሶን።

ኢብራሂም ዓፋ ኣብ ቀዳማይ ወገን ህዝባዊ ሓይልታት ኢዩ ዝነበረ። እንተኾነ ምስ ኢሳይያስ ካብ ዝተራኸበሉ ግዜ ንደሓር፣ ስሱዕን ተበላጺን ምንባሩ ኣይሰሓቶን። በቲ ናብ ኣኼባታት እምባህራን ተኽሊን ዘቕርቦ ዝነበረ ተበላጺ ተሳትፎ ድማ ይቕበሎ ኣይነበረን። ጉዳይ መስዋእቲ ኣብርሃም ተወልደን ርክብ ኢሳይያስ ምስ ሲ.ኣይ.አ. ኣብ ቃኘውን’ውን ይሕመ ስለዝነበረ፤ ኢሳይያስ ብኢብራሂም ዓፋ ቅቡል ኣይነበረን። ስለዚ ካብ ግዜ ምጅማር ሰብዓታት ክልቲኦም በብውሽጦም ተፋሊጦም ኢዮም። ሰባት ምንጻል ቀንዲ ስርሑ ገይሩ ዝዓዪ ኢሳይያስ ኣብቲ ግዜ’ቲ ገና ክልቲኡ ሓይልታት ከይተወሃሃደ እንከሎ’ውን ኣንጻር ወዲ ዓፋ፦ “…ቀዳማይ ወገን ብረት ንክህቡና ወሲኖም ነይሮን ኢቶም። ኢብራሂም ዓፋ ግን ተቓዊሙና፣ ስለዚ ኣብ ቀዳማይ ወገን ህዝባዊ ሓይልታት ሓደ ጸላኢ ከም ዘለና ተረዲእና ኣለና” እናበለ ጸለመታት የካይድ ነበረ።

ቅድሚ 1ይ ውድባዊ ጉባአ ኣብ ዞባ ደቡብ ዝነበረ ኣቀዋውማ ሓይልታት ህ.ግንባር፤ ኣዛዚ ቦጦሎኒ 5 ኢብራሂም ዓፋ፣ ኮሚሽነሩ ከኣ ዶ/ር ኢዮብ ገብረልኡል፤ ኣዛዚ ቦጦሎኒ 4 ድማ ወልደንኪኤል ሃይለ ናይ ፖለቲካ ኮሚሳር ከኣ በራኺ ገብረስላሴ ነበሩ። ኣንጻር ጸላኢ  ይካየዱ ኣብ ዝነበሩ ውግኣት፣ ዓበይቲ ዓወታት ይሕፈሰሉ ኣብ ዝነበረ ግዜን ዝና ወዲ ዓፋ መመሊሱ ይድይብ ነበረ።  ኣብቲ ብወርሒ ጥሪ 1977 ዝተገብረ 1ይ ውድባዊ ጉባአ ከኣ ኢብራሂም ዓፋ፣ ኣባል ፖለቲካዊ ቤ/ጽ ኮይኑ ክምረጽ እንከሎ፣ መራሒ ቦጦሎኒ 4 ዝነበረ ተጋዳላይ ወልደንኪኤል ሃይለ ግን ‘ደጋፊ መንካዕ’ዩ’ ብዝብል ክሲ ኢሳይያስ፣ ናብ ጉባአ ኣይተሳተፈን።

እቲ ጠንቂ ዘይምስታፍ ወዲ ሃይለ ድማ፣ ምስ ኢሳይያስ ኣፈወርቂ ብዝነበሮ ሓርፋፍ ዝምድና ዝተበገሰ ኮይኑ፣ ቀንዲ ጸብጻባት ወዲ ሃይለ ናብ ኢሳይያስ ዘመሓላልፍ  ዝነበረን ከኣ ሓላፊ ናይተን ክልተ ቦጦሎኒታት ደቡብ ዝነበረ ተጋዳላይ መስፍን ሓጎስ ነበረ። መስፍንን ኢሳይያስን፣ እቶም ክልተ ቀዳሞት ሰልፊ /ኤርትራዊ ህዝባዊ ሰውራዊ ሰልፊ/ (Eritrean Peoples’ Revolutionary Party) ዝመስረቱ ሰባት ኢዮም። ንኢሳይያስን ምስጢራቱን ከም ሕንጻጻት ኣጻብዕቲ ኢዱ ዝፈልጦ ብህይወት ዘሎ ሰብ፣ ተጋዳላይ መስፍን ሓጎስ ኢዩ። ኣቶ መስፍን ነቲ ካብ 1970 ክሳብ 2001 ዓ.ም. ኢሳይያስ ኣብ ልዕሊ ህዝቢ ኤርትራ ንዝፈጸሞ ገበናት እንተዝነግረና፤ ነድሪ ህዝቢ ኤርትራ ከም ማዕበል ሱናሚ ንዓለም መናወጸ። እነሆ ሕጂ’ውን እቲ ካሕሳ ዝጽበ ዘሎ ህዝቢ ኣፉ ከፊቱ ድምጺ ንክሰምዕ የንባሁቕ ኣሎ።

ክቡራንን ክቡራትን! ተዋስኦ ቅንጸላ ወዲ ዓፋ ኣብዚ ይድምደም። ተወሳኺ ሓበሬታ ዘለኩም ዜጋታት በብመንገድኹም ናብ ህዝቢ ክትዝርግሑ እላቦ። ኣብ ዝቕጽል ክፋል፣ ቅንጸላ ኢብራሂም ዓፋ፣ ንሜጀር ጀነራል ፊሊጶስ ወልደዮሃንስ ዝፈጠረሉ ሓለፋን ድርብ ስልጣንን ክንርኢ ኢና። ናባይ እትጽሕፍዎ መአረምታ፣ ተወሳኺ ወይ ምኽሪ ከኣ በዚ ዝስዕብ ኣድራሻይ ንክትሕብሩኒ ብትሕትና አዘኻኽር።

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IN MEMORY OF PRISONERS EXECUTED BY THE EPLF ( 1970s & 1980s)

 

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