Brief information on ten ELF fighters executed in Dankalia by ELFin 1978 [full story]

Saed Hussien Mohammed was born in 1935 in the village of Se-ito-lede-gi, between Qohaito and Nebegede. He was recruited to ELF ant the 60s end. His education was at Cairo University and became member of the front in Cairo as a student, being one of the first ones with Idris Awate.

Being a mindful and brave man, he recruited many fighters to join the front. To make the Eritrean cause publicized in the world, he became one of the first fedayeens while fighters struggled in the front.

He was successful in many deeds and once while trying to hijack an airplane in Asmera, with his comrade Mohammed Birhan they were discovered and caught. High officials like Abey Abebe asked him to work with them and he would be given high position but he refused. He was then sentenced for fifteen years imprisonment and taken to Alem Bekagn prison and was there for 12 years. Then in 1975 he was transferred to Eritrea. That year the ELF freed prisoners in Asmera and Adi Quala.But he was not amongst the freed because he was hospitalized

  Since he was an important fighter to free, the fighters advanced to the hospital before the Ethiopians and with tactics he was freed and joined the other freed mates. He had contributed to the front and at last was martyred while trying to proceed with his belief.  
Saed Hussien Mohammed.  
  Omer Mohammed Suba
He was born in 1948 in Sanako. His education level was elementary school. He joined the front in 1962. Because of his tender age, he was not allowed to fight but worked in towns like spreading pamphlets and errands of the front. The Ethiopians soon discovered him and in 1964 he entered Kessela.

Soon he and other comrades requested to join the front and were allowed to do so. He later was placed under the division of Omer Azaz and in 1965 transferred to another place. He was in the mortar section and became a haili leader.

Omer Mohammed Suba

The brave Omer Suba participated in many battles and the fiercest battle he was in was Derabush front. There the renowned Ethiopian spy called Girmai was killed there. Girmai was head of the militia. He was known to have mishandled, suppressed, tortured and killed Eritreans. Girmai had earlier participated in a battle where he killed the brave Omer Yahya. Because Omer Yahya was huge in posture, Girmai claimed he was a fighter leader and beheading him, he took the head to the Ethiopians.

Omer Suba got the opportunity to revenge for Omer Yahya. He killed Girmai and beheaded him taking the head back to the front. This was in 31 October 1965. And in 1966 he was in another battle of Kara-kom, and in 21.11.1966 he was in a battle of Adi Shiekh where Ethiopian officers were killed in. In mid 70s, he was transferred to Qaid-al-katiba administration, went to Iraq, and returned to the field after taking a military course. Perhaps it was to enable him to become a battalion leader. He found the field corrupted which dismayed him. He then started to communicate with dissenters like him.
In 1962 (or 72?) he went to Om Hager and then met with Said Hussien

Omer Mohammed Omer.
It does not state when or where he was born. As a student he joined the students group and did activities in towns. He went to Bahr Dar to the Technical school and continued with his activities in Eritrea.

He was discovered by the Ethiopian security and returned to Eritrea and joined the front. He participated in many battles as well as fedayeen activities in towns and succeeded mostly. His last deed was the assassination of General Teshome in Asmera when he came out of work at 6 pm. near a hospital. Because the general’s bodyguards had new and automatic weapons, Omer Mohammed was wounded and his comrade could not save him. He was caught by the horrible security.
He was beaten and tortured and yet he gave out nothing and was sentenced to hang. He, Ahmed Saleh Mohammed Omer and Abdul Kadir Burhan were to be hanged that Sunday when ELF freed all prisoners on the eve, the Saturday.

Omer M.Omer

Ahmed Ibrahim Mohammed

He was born in 1950 in Asala Nebegedi. He studied to high school and in 1964 became involved with the revolution. Ahmed Ibrahim grew up with his parents in Mendefera until he finished high school in 1964. He was a good football player as a goalkeeper and was well known in Mendefera.

He started spreading pamphlets and collected contributions from the people but he was soon discovered by the Ethiopian government and with his mate called Burhan, was caught. They were imprisoned as anti nationalists in a juvenile section for 4 months but were not harshly treated because of their young age.

In November (what year? 64) he went to Sudan and then joined the front. First he was a foot soldier and then in the security branch. In 1969 became head of security force. In 1971 his boss selected him to study in Iraq, an officers’ course.

In 1978 he returned to the front and saw what others had already observed the front leadership being corrupted.

He had three children but he did not raise them. His daughter living in Stockholm was young when he died. Because he was the only child, his parents married him off at young age. (I met his mother in Adi Keyeh in 1994, Abdu). His children grew up in Kessela,

Mohammed Yassin Haji Saleh

He was born in 1944 in Asmera, with high school education. He joined the front in 1964. His father was a guard at the Massawa airport. He started school in 1951 and lived in Twalet area of Massawa until he finished high school there.

He took a 6 months course of ‘financa’ in 1960 and started working as an fnansa soldier. He was posted in a village called Adebra near the Sudanese border for 6 months. He was then transferred to Tesenei and then to Tokombia.

In 1964 with 4 others they took their weapons 10 ‘Abu Ashera’ with 100-200 bullets and went to the field. They participated in many battles and were put in the communications section of the front.

He had observed the bad leadership of the front and started to communicate with the dissidents and was thus killed with them at last.

Mohammed Suliman Ibrahim Mahder.

He was born in the 1950s in Soira village. He went in elementary school and in 1974 joined the front in 24.4.1974. He fought whole-heartedly, participated in different battles, and was known for his bravery.

He observed the corruption of the leadership and how it retarded the pace and the tribalist, religion and clan divisions. He became one of the dissidents and at last was met with their fate of being executed.


Abdu Idris Abdu

He was born in 1949 and grew up in Geredef – Nebegedi After elementary school and read the Koran, joined the front in 1967. The Ethiopian soldiers were massacring and harassing his birth area, which led him to fight for his people’s liberation. In 1970 he was wounded in a battle

He too found the front disagreeable and with his confidents tried to reform it.






Mohammed Mansur.

He was born in 1952 in GindAe town. With high school education joined the front in the 70s and was in the ranks.

As the others, he too observed the corruption of the leadership of the revolution.

He became one of the reforming group to better the front found out there were dissidents. He joined them and was also one of the victims of the executions



Mohammed Shedeli Ismail

He was born in 1956 in Adi Keyeh. He finished high school and joined the front in 1971. He contributed to the struggle, worked as fedayeen in Adi Keyeh and surroundings, and was a brave fighter.

In 1973 he was captured by the enemy and taken to Asmera. There the Israeli trained security soldiers tortured him and he suffered a lot but leaked out nothing. He stayed in prison until 1975 until he was freed with other prisoners from Asmera.

Seeing the corrupted form of leadership, he was one of those wishing to reform the leadership and joined the dissident group. They were cut short from fulfilling their aim. They were sedated with poison and killed


Adem Ibrahim Al Haj

He was born in 1949 in the village of Ab-a, Qohaito. After elementary school he joined the front in 1968. His mother and the father of nr.9 Abdu Idris are siblings. They grew up together in their farmlands.

He was wounded in a battle and moving away for medication to Aden, the two cousins were separated. Healing, he returned to his place,

He saw the destruction of the front and like his mates tried to reform it.


It states in the book that it was written 2 years after the liberation of Eritrea. The 10 were already martyred for 14 years. Not known where it was printed. It states that it is free to duplicate and distribute. Got from the archives of the Eritrean revolution. In 1978 a high official from the front came to Jedda and held a meeting to the people. The representative said in the seminar that they had destroyed a dangerous group, and with fek-era (boasting). It was later all in the leadership started denying he or the other was not present in the case. That was when they saw they had no support from the people. They did not name the persons or details but that the dangerous force was destroyed.

Their supporters in Sudan, Yemen, Saudia and those undiscovered inside the field were told whom the persons were.

Mohammed Mansur’s brother was a good singer with the song “Simbil – Simbil”, Ahmed Mansur, from Ginda.

Omer Suba’s wife and daughter were living in Kessela. She was told there.

These brave fighters who sacrificed their lives for the liberation of their people and being one of the first fighters should have been known what their aim or wish was. Instead they were killed in unjust way and silenced forever. They have the right to be remembered for the sacrifice they did.

These and many others who were bravely fighting should be remembered in history. We all learn from history of our past. A front tells of the hardships, actions, events, experiences etc and these and others should be part of the history.

The secret was buried with them. And ELF did not proceed long after them. Their supporters were dispersed.

These same leadership are now in relationship with Ethiopia, just as they did with the Derg.

(These men knew what the stakes were that they could lose their lives and yet they were determined to advance with their plan. They could have lived abroad and built good lives for themselves.

Many brave fighters have sacrificed their lives for the sake of their beloved people and save their comrades. Stories have been told verbally and not much in writing. There were also stories of fighters being killed by their own front and since then considered as traitors or sectarians.

The story of these men was part of the struggle history and it can be an example of one part of our history. )
* * *

Mohammed Omer was never afraid. He was wounded while shooting at a general in middle of Asmera.

The leadership of still now are again splitting the oppositions.

The Jebha leaders were wooing Sabbe so as to finish EPLF. They were black naming Sabbe and when Sabbe split with EPLF, Jebha gave him place inside Jebha administrated areas to hit EPLF. This was the main reason for the Falul movement.

Ten Fighters Martyred in Dankalia ELF 1978
Response from ELF Leadership-Ahmed Nasser

Contributed by Aida Kidane [5/12/2007]


             © 2004-2017. Contact: