Negarritt-Gazette 89E (NG89E) January 01 2005
C. Can GMH tell the Eritrean people about the selection criteria of squads in
organising the process of hujjum wars in the past? Who made decisions on who
should go to die (similar to euthanasia: involuntarily sentence to death)? Who was
allowed to stay to serve the interest of the leaders within the EPLF? C1) Can GMH
tell us today, whether those Eritrean fighters were, in reality, suicide bombers or not?
C2) Did they give their consent when they were asked to do the job of ‘hujjum’? Were
they voluntarily giving their names to go for ‘hujjum’? Or C3) were they forced to do
so because a democratic right of questioning and answering was not an issue at all and
that there were no criteria at all? Or C4) as the EPLF exploiting and commanding
motto insists, ‘do the job first and then ask’, or face a military discipline’.
That means someone asks when he dies. Such a military exploiting measure was
barbaric, unrealistic, impossible, immoral, unethical, and inhumane despicable and
By the way, what is hujjum? Hujjum is originally an Arabic word. It may have a
different meaning than this version. However, according the Eritrean EPLF military
use, experience and perception of it, it means that a soldier fights the enemy in an
open way by giving his / her life to be martyr. In its practice, it was a forced martyr
and not voluntary because the soldier was chosen by the leader to act in such a
manner to accomplish the military message with great probability of dying. If the
chosen soldier did not accept the command of his / her leader, he / she should face a
military action. Even today this behaviour is exercised in the battle field. The
evidence is the recent border war with
today an individual is not chosen but a unit or units (‘ganta’ in Tigrigna) as a whole.
One ‘ganta’ has three units. Each unit has 16-20 members. Three units make up one
‘ganta’ of 40-60 members of fighters. One ‘ganta’ from a company or battalion is
chosen respectively, for every necessary occasion to be a martyr, for example, to clear
away a mined area to create a loop or a passage for use to run away from or attack an
enemy position. Such a circumstance, obviously, presents and demonstrates the
occurrence of deliberate death with great probability.