The mysterious death of Megestab Yisaq 1979

Researched and compiled by Resoum Kidane 22-5-2019

On the 28th anniversary of Independence Day,  let‘s remember former members of the EFLNA who became victims of the EPLF in the late 1970s. One of those victims was Mengesteab Yisak.

Megesteab was a graduate of the elite school of Addis Ababa, the General Wingate Secondary School, and Haile Selassie University (HSIU), in 1968 and 1972.   After he graduated from HSIU, he was awarded, in 1972,  a scholarship to pursue higher education in the USA

Mengesteab was among the founders of the “THisha” movement inside Ethiopia.  While a member, he developed strong ties with progressive Eritrean students some like Yohanese Sibhatu, Muse Tesfamichael and others  from Menk‘a who joined the EPLF and were executed in 1970s.

Regarding  Mengesteab connection with Menka group,  Harper,(2009) states that  the  members who were later executed by the EPLF had many friends and former classmate in the ELFNA, and the incident disillusioned more than a few. Mengesteab was one of the  disillusioned when he heard about the imprisonment of former members of Teihsha.

In the mid 1970s, Mengesteab  Yeisak, Petros Yohannes,  Tsegai Dinish, etc. members of the EFLNA  started to pose questions about the EPLF’s internal democracy and about the fighters who were reported to have been killed by the Front. 

 Petros Yohannes a student at Montreal University and a member of ENASA in the USA, started question the justness of the Menk’a group's arrest. Why were fighters who belonged to it imprisoned when they had called only for democracy? And what other acts had the EFL carried out? What was the reason for Shaba’s split from the ELF?

Tsegai Dinesh raised similar question but had been intimated by the Front‘s leaders when he visited the field in September 1975. Regarding this Hapner states that, Tsegai "Dinesh" had met with Issayas Afewerki and Masfin Hagos on a fact finding mission. As a result his fears and in turn that of the EFLNA's were assuaged. The phrase used by Ms. Hapner is that with "heavy heart" Issayas told Tsegai to keep the incident under the radar screen.  The ramifications of this came to haunt Mengisteab personally later when he dissented from EPLF's line of thinking

Mengisteab had been an influential member of the EFLNA’s leadership. He went to the field in 1975 with Paulos Tesfagiogris to find out what had happened to the Menk’a group.  According Dr Bereket Habte Selassie the report presented by Paulos, that denounced the group as anarchist was baseless and was not supported by Mengisteab.

Dr Bereket suggests that Mengisteab, was later seized with remorse for suppressing the EPLF’s alleged wrongs. Perhaps Paulos can  clarify this point; meanwhile, however, it is reasonable to suppose that a feeling of guilt for making the EPLF “look good” might have contributed to Mengisteab’s suicide barely a year after the fateful decision to break from and condemn the EPLF(.338-339)

The issue of human rights violations, raised by the EFLNA,  didn’t get much attention from its members after Paulos’s report. Thereafter the link between the EFLNA and EPLF strengthened considerably.  Based on the Paulos’s report, in July 1976, the EFLNA‘s  Executive Committee wrote to all branches, study groups, and individual members to answer the charge from Eritreans in Europe that the EPLF had killed Marxists in the field.  The organization denied such killings and attacked the document as false and vehemently defended EPLF’s policy and stand.  (Lib.1-5?). This happened during the EFLNA‘s affiliation to the EPLF. According Plaut, in March 1976, when Sabbe withheld all financial and logistical assistance and the flow of external resources suddenly dried up, the EPLF leadership made a u-turn and appealed to the leadership of the EFLNA to affiliate to the Front and to substantially increase its financial contribution.

After the EFLNA affiliated,  Andebrehan, chair of the EFLNA in 1972, states in his book “Eritrea at a Crossroads: A Narrative of Triumph, Betrayal and Hope” that he left the EFLNA in the fall of 1976 for the field to serve as a member of the Secretariat of the First Congress of the EPLF.  This was held in January 1977, and he was elected to the Front's Central Committee    

The EFLNA also sent its delegates to attend the First Congress of the EPLF at mieda (field). One of those delegates was Megesteab. He was  not elected to the Front's Central Committee because he had criticised the EPLF leaders for violations of the basic rights of the fighters.

Megesteab, a committed members of EFLNA,  is described by Harper as a dedicated Marxist and nationalist. He “is remembered today as extraordinarily committed, articulate, and passionate leader posses of great intelligence and charismatic appeal. His unprecedented degree of commitment was succinctly summarized by one of Hepner’s interviewees’:

“He was always in the office, and he was always reading. He was always very into it. He sometimes slept there on the couch- he was committed one hundred thousand percent. We said” this guy is going to die here!” Everybody used to say to him”Don’t you ever go home? Don’t you go outside?” He was—obsessed.’ ( Kibreab 2007:385).

The conflict between Mengesteab and EPLF leadership reached a peak with the Soviet and Cuban assistance to the Ethiopian military regime in 1977.  During that year Mengesteab Yisaq as the chair of EFLNA/ENASA said he wanted the EPLF to unequivocally denounce the Soviet Union for its transgression. Another reason for which Mengisteab was critical of the EPLF was the same reason for which the EPLF had been critical of the ELF,  for deciding unilaterally to negotiate peace with the Derg.  In October 1978, the EFLNA had published a pamphlet, entitled, ‘Revolution or Capitulation‘ which Haprner asserts was written mainly by Mengesteab to defend the EFLNA‘s position to split.

The book was prohibited to EPLF fighters and its mass organisations.  Beyan Negash who was a high school student in Cairo, in 1979, recalls that when the EPLF members in Cairo were about to receive the translated version of the controversial booklet (Against the capitulationism line of the ‘Leaders’ of the Eritrean Revolution EFLNA New York New York 1978) its discussion was prevented by the arrival of Naizghi Kiflu, Haile Menkerios (former member of EFLNA) and Alamin M. Said, who discouraged any discussions of the translated material.

Dan Connell on December 15, 1979 reported in the  Guardian:

"One of the main EFLNA leaders committed suicide after co-authoring a lengthy self-criticism” What Dan Connell reported was the EPLF‘s version, there are still questions to be answered about Mengesteab‘s death which occurred in suspicious circumstances. There is a rumour that Hagos Kisha who became chair person was behind the mysterious "suicide" of Mengestab Yisak.

Gaim states that Mengestab’s death and the subsequent disarray of the highly organized ELNA gave the EPLF and their lackey’s time to reorganize the movement. As expected, the reconstructed organization turned out to be among the most submissive and intolerant mass organization of the EPLF (Kibreab, 2007: 385).

Generally EFLNA cadres knew well that if they remained within the organization they would be soundly punished for the criticism of the leadership in the field. Indeed,  according to the EFLNA several more of their erstwhile comrades had been killed or imprisoned on returning to Eritrea. To mention a few examples:

መንግስትኣብ ኢሳቕ መን ኢዩ ነይሩ? ስለምንታይከ ኣብ 1979 ዓ. ም. ተቐቲሉ? (ቀቅድሚ መስዋእቱ ዝጸሓፎ ደብዳበ/ሰነድ ተተሓሒዙ ቀሪቡ ‘ሎ)


መንግስትኣብ ኢሳቕ መን ኢዩ ነይሩ?

ስለምንታይከ ኣብ 1979 ዓ. ም. ተቐቲሉ?

ነዛ ጽሕፍቲ እዚኣ ከዳልዋ ዝደለኩሉ ምክንያት እቲ ኣብ ሓምለ1979 ዓ.ም.ዝተሰውኤ መንግስትኣብ ኢሳቕ ቑርብ መዓልታት ቐድሚ ምሟቱ ባዕሉ ዝጸሓፋ ጽሕፍቲ ሰለዝረከብኩዋን ታሪኽ ናይ ስውኣትና ተረሲዑ መታን ከይተርፍን ታሪኽ ናብቲ ሓዲሽ ወለዶ ንምስግጋርን ስለዝደለኩን ኢየ፡፡ እግረ መንገደይ ድማ ክፍኣትን ተንኮላትን ናይ ኢሳያስ ኣፈወርቂ ምብራህ ጉቡኤይ ኮይኑ ስለዝስማዓኒ ኢየ፡፡

ስለዚ እታጽሕፍቲ ናይ መንግስትኣብ ኢሳቅከምዘላታ የቅርባ ኣለኩ፡፡

ኣናባቢ መታን ከይደናገር ግን መንግስትኣብ ኢሳቅ መን ከምዝነበረን ኤ.ና.ስ.ኣ እናታይ ምንባሩን ኣሕጽር ኣቢለ ክገልጾ ክፍትን ኢየ፡፡

መንግስትኣብ ኢሳቕ ናይ ኤርትራውያን ተመሃሮ ኣብ ሰሜን ኣሜሪካ ማሕበር E.N.A.S.A ኣቦ መንበር ነበረ፡፡እዚ ማሕበር እዚ ኣብ መጀመሪያ 1970 ታት ዝተመስረተ ኮይኑ፣ካብ 1976 ዓ.ም. ጅሚሩ ድማ ኣብ ህ.ሓ.ሓ.ኤ ዓቢን ኣገዳሲን ተራ ዝጻወት ዝነበረ ማሕበር ነበረ፡፡ ብፍላይ ድማ ድሕርቲ ምፍላይ ናይ ዑሰማን ሳልሕ ሳቤ እቲ ፖለቲካዊን ንዋታው ንሓገዝ ኤ. ና. ስ.ኣ. መተካእታ ዘይነበሮ ኮይኑ ኤ ና ስ ኣ ዓንዲ ሕቖ ናይቲ ስውራ ኾይኑ ምንባሩ ይዝከር፡፡

እቲ ግርጭት ኣብ መንጎ መሪሕነት ህ.ግ.ሓ.ኤን ኤ.ና.ስ.ኣ ን ኣብቲ እዋን ስትራተጂካዊ ምዝላቅ ኢዩ ተላዒሉ፡፡ እቲ ቀንድን ኣገዳስን ነጥቢ ድማ ሶቭት ሕብረት ኣብ ጎድኒ ኢትዮጵያ ብምዃን ንሰውራ ኤርትራ ብወተሃደራዊን ብፖለቲካን መንገዲ ክትጭፍጭፍ ድሕሪ ምጅማራ ዝተላዕለ ነበረ፡፡

ኣብዚ ግዜዚ እቲ ማእከላይ ሽማግለ ኤ. ና. ስ. ኣ.ንሶቭየት ሕብረት ብምኹናን፣ ሓደ ብፖለቲካውን ወትሃደራውን መዳያት ኣንጻርካ ዝኮነ ሓይሊ ቐዳማይ ጸላኢኻ ኢዩ ዝብል መደምደምታ ድሕሪ ምብጻሕ፣ ሶቭትሕብረትከምቀዳማይጸላኢናይህዝቢኤርትራክሰርዓወሰነ፡፡እቲ ረብሓ ይኹን ስቅያትን ናይ ህዝቢ ኤርትራ ኣገዲሱዎ ዘይፈልጥ ኢሳያስ ኣፈወርቂ ግን ምስ ሶቭየትሕብረት ክብኣስ ኣይደለየን፡፡ምኽንያቱ ድማ ኢሳያስ ከም ናይ ማሕበርነታዊ ደንበ ወኪል ኾይኑ ኣብ ኤርትራ ጥራይ ዘይኮነስ ንሙሉእ ቀርኒ ኣፍሪቃ ጠቅሊሉ ክመርሕ ወይ ክገዝእ ይሓልም ስለዝነበረ ኢዩ፡፡ ብዛዕባዚ ኣብ መጻኢ ብዙሕ መርትዖታት ከቅርብ ኢዬ ፡፡ ኤርትራ ንኢሳያስ ኣፈወርቂ ኣዝያ ንእሽቶይ ሃገር ስለዝኮነት ናይ ስልጣን ጽመኣቱ ተርውየሉ ሃገር ኣይኮነትን፡፡ ኢሳያስ ሕልሙ ዝነበረ ንሰውራ ኤርትራ ከም መሰላል ተጠቂሙ ምስ ሶቭየት ሕብረት ብምጽጋዕ ዓቢ መራሒ ኣብ ቀርኒ ኣፍሪቃ ክከውን ኢዩ ዝነበረ፡፡ እዚ ሕልምዚ ክትግብሮ ዝክእልድማ ምስ ሶቭት ሕብረት ዘለዎ ዝምድና ዝኮነ ይኹን ዋጋ ተከፊሉዎ ክመጽእ ነይሩዎ፣ ሶቭት ሕብረት ክትኹነን ድማ ኣይደለየን ፡፡ በዚ ምክንያት ድማ ሶቭት ሕብረት ቐዳማይ ጸላኢትና ኣይኮነትን ግን እቲ ዝገብርዎ ዘለዉ ጌጋትት ናይስትራተጂካዊ ጌጋታት ጥራይ ኢዩ ክብል መልሲ ድሕሪ ምሃብ ነቲ ኣብቲ “ንቅሓት“ተባሂሉዝጽዋዕ ዝነበረ ናይ ኤ.ና. ስ. ኣ. ልሳን ዝወጽእ ዝነበረ ጽሑፋቶም ክእርምዎ ኢሳያስ ትእዛዝ ኣመሓላለፈ፡፡ ኤ. ና. ስ. ኣ.ግን መንግዶም ብምቅጻል ነቲ ኣብ “መሪሕ“ ዝወጽእ ዝነበረ ጽሑፋት እናተከታተሉ ኣብቲ ናቶም መጽሔት “ንቅሓት“ ግቡእ መልሲ ይህብዎ ነበሩ፡፡ ኢሳያስ ኣፈወርቂ እዚ ናትኩም መጽሔት ምስ ናይ ህዝቢ ንቅሓት ዝከይድ ኣይኮነን ድሕሪ ምባል፣ እታ መጽሔት ምሕታም ከቛርጽዎ ይእዝዝ፡፡ በዚ መሰረት ድማ እታ ንቕሓት ብዝብል ሽም ትወጽእ ዝነበረት መጽሔት ከምትቛረጽ ተገብረ፡፡

ናይ ኤ ና ስ ኣ ኣረኣእያ ግን ሓፋሽ ህዝቢ ኤርትራ ነዚ ሕቶዚ ብጉቡእ መሊሹ ንከቃልስ ኣብ ዘዘለዎ ኮይኑ ብርቲዕ ጻዕሪ ይገብር ኣሎ ዝብል  ነበረ፡፡ እንተኾነ ግን ኣብዚ ቃልሲዚ “መራሕቲ“ ሰውራ ኤርትራን ኮራኹሮምን ቀንዲ ዓንቀፍቲ ኾይኖሞ ኣለዉ ፡፡ ብፍላይ ድማ መራሕቲ ህ. ግ. ሓ. ኤ ቀንዲ ሓይሎም ኣንጻር እቶም ነዚ ሕቶ ዘንቅሉ ሓፋሽ ህዝብና ይኹን ንዕኦም ንዝዀነንኦም ማሕበራትና ጸቕጢ ብምግባር ኣበርቲዖም  ይንቀሳቀሱ ምህላዎም ሓበሩ ፡፡ ስለዝኾነ ድማ እቲ ናይ ፈታዊን ጸላኢን ናይ ምምማይ ቃለሲ ካብቲ “መራሕቲ“ ሰውራ ኤርትራ ናይ ምቕላዕ ዕማም ዘይንጸል ምኻኑ ብጭቡጥን ብዝበለጸን እናበርሀ ይከይድ ምህላዉ ተንተኑ፡፡ ኣብዚ እዋንዚ “መራሕቲ “ ሰዉራ ኤርትራ ነቲ ዝፈጸምዎ ክድዓት ንክሽፍኑ ዘይገብርዎ ተግባር የልቦን፡፡ “ሶቬት ሕብረት ከመይ ግይራ ማሕበርነታዊት ትከውን ? ከመይ ጌርናኸ ፈታዊትና ንብላ?” ካብቶም ጸላእትናኸ ብምንታይ ትፍለ?“ …ወዘተ ወዘተ … ኢሉ ንዝሓተቶም ተቃላሳይ ኤርትራዊ „ሕሉፍ ጸጋማዊ“  „ፋሉላዊ?“  „ትሮትስካዊ“…ወዘተ ኢሎም ብምጥቃን ይጸቅጥዎ ይድህልዎን ኣለዉ፡፡ ንከምስሉ „ተግባራት ሶቬት ሕብረት ኮኒንናዮ” ኢሎም ከብቅዑ „ማሕበርነታዊት ኢያ “ „ስትራትጂካዊት መሓዛና ኢያ” ኢልካ ተቀበል እናበሉ ንሓፈሽ ህዝብና ብሓይሊ ነቲ ግልቡጥ ሰነሞጎቶም ከእምንዎ ህርድግ ይብሉ ምንባሮም የቓልዑ፡፡ መራሕቲ ሰውራ ኤርትራ ንኣግላሲ መርገጺ ሶቬት ሕብረት ብዝምልከት ከምዚ ዝስዕብ ብጹሑፍ ኣስፊሮም ምንባሮም ድማ ኤ ና ስ ኣ ይሕብሩ፡፡

“ተ.ሓ. ኤ” ሶቬት ሕብረት ንፋሽስታዊ ደርጊ ትህቦ ዘላ ኣጽዋር ኣንጻር ረብሓ ህዝቢ ኤርትራ ዘይኮነስ ብነዊሕ ክረኤ እንከሎ ድማ ንረብሓ ህዝብታት እርትራን፣ ኢትዮጵያን ፣ህዝብታት ቀርኒ ኣፍሪቃን ኢዩ፡፡. “ተ.ሓ.ኤ ERITREAN REVOLUTION Vol.II N° 5” ክብሉ እንከለዉ፣

„መራሕቲ“ ህ.ግ.ሓ.ኤ” ድማ ኣብ „መሪሕ 3ይ ሕታም ቁ 5” ከምዚ ዝስዕብ ይብሉ፡፡“ተጋጊዮም እምበር ማሕበርነታውያን ኢዮም” ወዘተ… ወዘተ ብዝብል ሓረጋት ጎልቢቦም “ሰትራተጂካዊ ኣዕሩኽቲ ሰውራና“ “ቀዳሞት ፈተውትና” ኢዮም፡፡ እቲ ምስኣቶም ዘሎና ግርጭት ድማ ካልኣይ ደርጃ ዝሓዘ እምበር ቀዳማይ ክኸውን ኣይክእልን ኢዩ ፡፡ ከምኡ ገርኻ ምርኣዩ ድማ ግጉይ ኣብ ርእሲ ምዃኑ ንሓፋሽ ድማ ሰትራተጂካውያን ፈትውቱን ጸላእቱን ከምዘየለሊ ኰይኑ ኣብ ውድቀትን ጥፍኣትን ናይ ሃጼይነትን ሓይልታት ምድሕርሓርን መፈንጠራታትን ንምጥሓል ማለት ኢዩ፡፡

ድሕርዚ ኩሉ ምስሕሓባት ኣብ ወርሒ ነሓሰ 1978 ዓ.ም.

ኤ.ና.ስ.ኣ (ማሕበር ኤርትራውያ ንናጽት ሰሜን ኣሜሪካ) ኣብ

“9 ይ” ጉባኤ ን „መራሕቲ“ ህ.ግ.ሓ.ኤ ኾነንዎም፡፡ ካብ ውድብ ህ.ግ. ምፍላዮም ድማ ኣወጁ፡፡

ኤ.ና. ስ. ኣ. ድማ እቲ ንሜዳ ዝልእክዎ ዝነበሩ ንብረት ጠጠው ከምዝብል ገበሩ፡፡ካብዚ ግዜዚ ጅሚሩ ድማ ኣብ ልእሊ መንግስትኣብ ኢሳቅ ማእለያ ዘይብሉ ጸቅጥታትን ታህዲዳትን ክካይዱ ጀመሩ፡፡ ኢሳያስ ኣፈወርቂ ባዕሉ‘ውን ንመንግስትኣብ ኢሳቅ ብስልኪ ረኺቡ ከምዝሃደዶ ይፍለጥ፡፡ ኣብዚ እዋን‘ዚ ድማ እቲ ማእከላይ ሽማግለ ኤ.ና.ሰ.ኣ.ወለቕ ዘለቕ ክብል ተራእዬ፡፡ ማለት ኩሎም ከም ቀደሞም ተሪሮም ኣብ ጎድኒ መንግሰትኣብ ኢሳቅ ኣይጸንዑን፡፡ መንግስትኣብ ኢሳቅ በይኑ ምህላዉ ድማ ተገንዘበ፡፡

ኣብዚ ክፍለጥ ዘለዎ ነገር ግን እቲ ውሳኔ መንግስትኣብ ኢሳቅ በይኑ ዝወሰዶ ውሳኔ ዘይኾነስ፣ ውሳኔ ናይ ብሙሉኡ ማእከላይ ሽማግለ ኤ. ና. ስ. ኣ.ከምኡ ድማ ናይ ኩሎም ኣባላተ ኤ ና ስ ኣ ን ምንባሩ ኢዩ ።ሓደ ኣባል ማእከላይ ሽማግለ ጥራይ ኢዩ ነይሩ ነቲ ውሳኔ ሙሉእ ብሙሉእ ዘይተቀበሎ ፣ ንሱ ድማ ገብሪሂወት ሊሎ ምንባሩ ይፍለጥ ምናልባሽ ኣባል ናይቲ ሚስጥራዊ ሰልፊ ዝነበረ ድማ ኽኸውን ይኽእል ኢዩ፡፡ እቲ ጸቅጢ  ብመራሕቲ ህ ግ ጥራይ ዘይኮነስ ብገለ ኣባላት ማእከላይ ሽማግለ ኤ.ና.ሰ.ኣ. ‚ውን ከጋጥሞ ምስ ጀመረ  መንግስትኣብ ኢሳቅ እቲ ንብረት ንሜዳ ከይኣቱ ምዕጋትና ጌጋ ኢዩ ነይሩ ብምባል ናይቲ ጉድለት ሓላፍነት ድማ ንሱ ባዕሉ ከምዝሽከሞ ሓቢሩ ነይሩ፡፡እዚ ጉድለት‘ዚ ግን ናብቲ ንብረት ንሜዳ ከይኣቱ ምዕጋቶም ዘተኾረ ጥራይ ነበረ፡፡

ይኹን እምበር እቲ ታህዲዳት ናይ ህ.ግ. ኣዝዩ እናኸፍኤን ንህይወቱ ኣሰጋኢ ኾይኑ ኣብ ዝመጸሉ ዝነበረ እዋናት፣ ክቀትሉኒ ይደልዩ ስለዘለዉ ብዝቀልጠፈ ግዜ ጉባኤ ግበሩለይ ክብል ጀመረ፡፡ ኣነ እቲ ዘገጥመኒዘሎ ጸገማትን እቲ ሓቐኟ ኹነታትን ኩሉ  ኣብ ጉባኤ ክገልጾ ኢዬ ብምባል ብቃልን ብጹሑፍን ጸገሙ ክገልጽ ጀመረ፡፡ ስለዚ ብዝቐልጠፈ ጉባኤ ንክግበሉ  ድማ ንብጾቱ ተማሕጸነ ፡፡

እቲዝተረፈ ኣንባቢ ካብቲ ጽሑፉ ክረክቦ ስለ ዝክእል ኣንበብቲ ባዕሎም ናቶም መደምደምታ ወይ ፍርዲ ክወስዱ ይገድፎ፡፡

እቲ ኣነ ኣብዚ ክጠቕሶ ዝደሊግን መንግስትኣብ ኢሳቅ ካብ ካልኣይ ደረጃ (2nd floor) ብምውዳቅ  ነብሱ ቀቲሉ ተባሂሉ ምግላጹ ኢዩ፡፡ እዚ ዘገርም ኢዩ፣ ሓደ ነብሱ ክቀትል ዝደለየ ሰብ ስለምንታይ ካብ ካልኣይ ደረጃ ይወድቅ? ንወሕ ዝበለ ፓላሶታት ኣብ ከተማ ኒዉዎርክ( New York) ሰለዝሰኣነ ድዩ፡?ካብ ካልኣይ ደረጃ ወዲቅካ ከይሞትካ ተሃሲካ ትትርፈሉ ዕድልከ  ኣዝዩ ብዙሕ ዶ ኣይኮነን ?

እቲ ሓቑ ድኣ ኣፍሉጡና፡፡ እቶም ንዑኡ ዝሕልውዎ ዝነበሩኸ ድኣ እንታይ የጣብዉ ነይሮም ማለት ኢዩ መንግስትኣብ ኢሳቅ ክጸድፍ እንከሎ?

እቲ ዘገርም ድማ መንግስትኣብኢሳቅ ድሕሪ ምሟቱ ተጸሊሉ ኢዩ ነይሩ፣በይኑ ክዛረብ ጀሚሩ ነይሩ ኢዩ ፣ ሓንጎሉ ሲሒቱ ነይሩ ኢዩ፣ ዝብል ወረታት ብምዝርጋሕ እታ “ጹሉል“ ትብል ማሕተም  ከምትለግቦ ምግባሮም ኢዩ፡፡ መንግስትኣብ ጥራይ ኣይኮነን ኣብ ህ.ግ.ሓ.ኤ. ድሕሪ ምሟቱ“ጽሉልዝብል ማሕተም ዝተወቅዖ፡፡ እቶም ነብሶም ቀቲሎም ተባሂሉ ዝውረየሎም ከም ስውእኣለምሃይለኣብፍሼ ናይ ሰሜን ናይ ሚሊሻ ሓላፊ ዝነበረ፣ ስውእወዲልቢኣብሳቡር ናይ ክፍሊ ስለያ ሓላፊ ዝነበረ፣ ከምኡውን ስውእሃብተስላሴተፈሪ (ወደባተሪ ) ኣባል ክፍሊ ስለያ ናይ ወጻኢ ዝነበረ፣ኣብካሊፎርኒያ (California U.S.A.) እውን ድሕሪ ምሟቶም ተጸሊሉ ኢዩ ነይሩ ዝብል ማሕተም ተወቒዑዎም ምንባሩ ዝዝክር ኢዩ፡፡


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